- What can I print in 3 D?
- When did Charles Hull invent the 3 D impression?
- What was the 1st food produced in 3 D printing
- Which material is mainly used for 3 D printing?
- Which comic character invented a 3D duplicating machine?
Five things you do not know (maybe) about 3D printing:
What can I print in 3 D?
Today we can print in 3D: a pair of sneakers (a), a prosthesis (b), a house (c), a dessert (d). All this is printed!
After Nike, it's Adidas's turn to work on sports shoes using 3D printing. Ultimately the goal is to make sneakers to measure after a scan of the feet. At the 2014 Super Bowl, athletes already sported a shoe whose sole was printed in 3D.
From the accessory to the cyborg, there is only one step. This summer, Maxence 6 years old was the first French child to receive a hand prosthesis printed in 3D. This technology has reduced the manufacturing cost to 50 euros. Thanks to the global project, e-Nable, individuals looking for prostheses are put in contact with voluntary printers.
Also looking for a prosthesis and DIY end, Nicolas Huchet made the front page of Make magazine with the stentable prosthesis he designed for himself. It aims with the support of FabLab Rennes to create a robotic hand for 300 € against 30 000 to 70 000 € the poly-digital prosthesis today.
3D printing is not limited to small projects. It produced a car in 2011, ten houses in 2014. The Chinese company built these ten dwellings of 200 m2 in 24 hours. She uses a machine 32 meters long by 10 meters wide and 7 meters high. The cost of the exploit? It is 100 times cheaper than a traditional house, about 4 300 euros per unit against 2150 € per sqm. This reduction in the cost of construction is related to the material used: a concrete based on cement and glass fibers from construction waste.
In Amsterdam, the architects of Dus have built their own printer from a recovery container. They are printing a plastic house in a typical Dutch form, delivery planned for 2017.
(Illustration: Dus Architects - 3D Print Canal House)
3D Print House Canal from 3D Print Canal House on Vimeo.
Architects do not only print houses, they go to desserts. Information just as crisp, the concept is born from the piracy of a 3D printer.
Liz and Kyle von Hasseln wanted to print sugar on a friend's birthday cake, so they had to change parts of their printer.
It worked and gave birth to their business and then to the ChefJet printer model. Presented in January 2014 in Las Vegas, she was able to produce candies appreciated by journalists.
The machine also attracted Chuck Hull, whose company 3D Systems will soon be marketing.
When did Charles Hull invent the 3 D impression?
Charles Hull, nicknamed "Chuck" by his friends, filed in 1984 a "device for the production of objects in three dimensions by stereolithography". He is delighted "it is the applications around health that surprised me the most".
A comparable machine had been patented three weeks before his own by a French team (Alain the Méhauté, Olivier de Witte and Jean Claude André ). But Alcatel and CILAS, the patent holders, will quickly abandon it, unable to identify a future for this invention... A few years later, Chuck Hull founded his company, now leader in 3D printing with a turnover $ 500 million.
More surprisingly, in 1860 a French photographer and sculptor, François Willème, pioneer of digital art, develops a method to reproduce reality from these two areas. He photographs from different angles an object to reproduce it in layers. From 1863 to 1869, the Parisians were able to afford thanks to the photosculpture their sculpted bust in record time (this process was recently reconstituted).
What was the 1st food produced in 3 D printing
Chocolateit is well known: it melts. Between superimposed layers of melted plastic and chocolate, it was only necessary to activate the gluttony. A British start-up (Choc Edge) proposes to print your chocolate face from a photograph. A gift idea?
Which material is mainly used for 3 D printing?
Plastic is mainly used in the context of 3D printing, in different forms (PLA, ABS, resin, polymer). For the personal 3D printer, it comes in the form of coils and looks like scoubidou wires.
Which comic character invented a 3D duplicating machine?
Professor Tournesol, in the animated film "Tintin and Shark Lake" (1972) invents a three-dimensional photocopier, able to reproduce any object. The "Great Shark" plans to seize the camera to reproduce fake works of art stolen from museums.
Fiction will have preceded the reality of only forty years. It is now possible to legally acquire copies of works by Van Gogh, Matisse, or Turner. These 3D printed masterpieces cost around € 200.