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Assemblies of wood pieces in angles set on edge

Assemblies of pieces of wood in angle (here laid on edge) said "flat miter"; "half-timbered end"; "interlocking mid-wood" are relatively easy techniques to perform even by beginners. These embodiments have the advantage of being able, more often than not, to avoid so-called "tail" assemblies considered more complicated. We approach those who, said "straight tails" do not seem to us to pose insurmountable difficulties even for a novice in carpentry. The so-called "dovetail" and "covered dovetail" assemblies are treated in the carpentry sheets bearing these titles.

Necessary material

  • Meter and pencil
  • Industrial chalk
  • Wood chisel
  • chisel
  • Wood grater
  • square
  • Bevel
  • Backpack saw
  • Trusquin
  • Hammer
  • Hunting-nails
  • Mallet
  • Clamps
  • Paste brush

Steps

  1. Assembly "flat miter seal"
  2. Assembly "mid-wood end"
  3. Assembly by "interlocking"
  4. Assemblies "with straight tails"

Assembly "flat miter seal"

Miter cut

Miter cut

1. This assembly is the simplest since it is only a miter cut but on the edge of the width of the room. A good saw is essential. If you are new to miter sawing, use a jigsaw or circular saw (portable or not) by positioning it for this sawing mode.

Gluing tabs

Gluing tabs

2. Squeeze the two mitered edges after tightening in one vise, one of the pieces upright.

Nailing the assembly

Nailing the assembly

3. Manually hold the free piece in horizontal position at the exact contact of the edge of the one in the vice and nail vertically, points of size proportionate to the thickness of the parts to assemble.Attention, the strength of this assembly is relative and requests reinforcements if it must undergo traction or pressure.

Concealing nails

Concealing nails

4. Use a nail chaser to push the head of the nails under the wood. It will suffice to cover the opening with a little wood paste to hide the trace.

Assembly "mid-wood end"

Tracing of cutting slits

Tracing of cutting slits

5. Trace at the end of each piece the notch line. It must match its thickness. Then make the pattern on half the width.

Sawing the notch

Sawing the notch

6. Cut the notches with a fine-toothed (more precise) saw or jigsaw (faster but more difficult to master).

Gluing the edge of the cuts

Gluing the edge of the cuts

7. Glue the internal edges of the cuts with a good vinyl glue (if working indoors). For outdoor use special glues.

Nailing the assembly

Nailing the assembly

8. Holding one of the pieces in a vise (as seen in 3), nail from the facing of the top piece to half the width. At this stage, the ideal is to maintain the horizontal part by a support and allow to dry before maneuvering it because it is necessary to reverse its position to be able to nail under the same conditions, the other half of the assembly.

Concealing nails

Concealing nails

9. Use a nail pusher to push the head of the nails under the wood. It will suffice to cover the hole with a little wood paste to hide the trace (as seen in 4).

Assembly by "interlocking"

Tracing the notch

Tracing the notch

10. One of the pieces is marked (marked) end as before but on the other, a deep notch of half the width of this piece, is drawn at a chosen place. The width of the notch drawn should correspond to the thickness of the first piece.

Opening the notch with the saw

Opening the notch with the saw

11. Cut the notches in the notch with the saw or the jigsaw if you are comfortable with this machine. It will be necessary to finish the clearance of the notch with the chisel with wood.

Gluing the edges of the notches

Gluing the edges of the notches

12. As seen above, glue the edges of the notch and notch.

Nailing to strengthen the assembly

Nailing to strengthen the assembly

13. Make the assembly by tightening in a vertical position, the piece at the notch in a bench vise. Position the piece on the notch by embedding it on the end post of the vertical piece. Hold and nail on the part in contact with the glued cut of this piece.

Concealment of spikes

Concealment of spikes

14. Use a nail pusher to push the head of the nails under the wood. It will suffice to cover the opening with a little wood paste to hide the trace.

Assemblies "with straight tails"

Clearing a saw post

Clearing a saw post

15. We are now approaching assemblages a little more delicate yet simple yet to achieve, such as this one "simple tail", just to train somehow. It is only a question of clearing with the saw, a central tenon of the end of a piece to fit it in a central notch also, practiced in the end of the other room.

Concealing reinforcement nailing

Concealing reinforcement nailing

16. After gluing the edges, the assembly is carried out as previously seen with one of the pieces, erected and held in the vise of the workshop. Nailing, nail hunting and wood pulp will complete the operation.

Tracing studs for straight tails assembly

Tracing studs for straight tails assembly

17. It is now a question of "going out" several tenons on the same end song. Calculate the possible width and the number of equal tenons it can create. These tenons will obviously be separated by notches (calepinées) of width and depth rigorously identical. Attention, you will obviously reverse the position of each with respect to others: 3 tenons and two notches in one room correspond to two tenons and three notches for the other room...

Tracing of pins for assembly with covered tails

Tracing of pins for assembly with covered tails

18. By comparison, here carries out the layout of a "straight tails covered" assembly which leaves covered by a slight thickness of the facing of the part, the cutting of the tenons and notches which makes the assembly invisible. Note the pencil line parallel to the siding. This forces to make the cuts only with chisel.

Clearance of the tenons with the saw

Clearance of the tenons with the saw

19. But for the "straight tails" assembly undertaken, you can use a backpack saw. Make your saw cuts always inside the drawing of the braces (the notched part).

Release of the tenons with chisel

Release of the tenons with chisel

20. Finish off the tenons with a chisel the width of the notch. You will be able to perfect your cuts by the passage of a rasp with fine wood.

Precise bonding of the assembly posts

Precise bonding of the assembly posts

21. Make precise gluing of the edges of the tenons and the notches after checking "their assembly".

Reinforcement nailing of the straight tails assembly

Reinforcement nailing of the straight tails assembly

22. As previously seen, always nail on the face of the tenon on its notch, drive the heads with the nail chaser and hide the holes in the wood pulp. Final sanding of the corner may not be superfluous.

(photos / visuals: DIY-Prod, except special mention)

Assemblies of wood pieces in angles set on edge: assemblies

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