- Think and design the bathroom
- Facilitate the implementation of networks
- Realize the evacuation network
- Respect safety standards
- Have "zen" lighting
- Heat and ventilate the bathroom
- Adapt equipment
- Finalize the bathroom
Functional space, the bathroom has become a place for well-being and relaxation. Practical constraints, connections of water and electricity, evacuation... are therefore added aesthetic considerations. To get the bathroom of your dreams and optimize the bill, define the needs precisely. Renovation or construction: how to make the bathroom of your dreams.
Think and design the bathroom
In new construction, the layout of the space, the installation of the water and electricity networks are established from the design of the house... study the implementation with your builder so that your future bathroom matches your wishes. In renovation adopt the same principle by drawing a scale plan. If necessary, get help from a FrizBiz handyman. Report all dimensions of the room, arrange doors, windows and radiators. Materialize the position of the electrical sockets and switches, the VMC as well as the arrivals and evacuations of water. Reproduce different equipment to scale to find the best position. To achieve this know that the circulation in the bathroom must be easy. Ideally in front of a bathtub count a minimum of 60 cm and 80 cm in front of a shower or a washbasin.
Facilitate the implementation of networks
If you do not know how to solder copper, choose materials like PER (cross-linked polyethylene) or multilayer to make hot and cold water networks. These materials are easy to work with little equipment. Another advantage is that the connections are made using compression or sliding fittings. Simple to perform they ensure a perfect seal of the installation. For the water drainage system, PVC is the material of choice. Very economical and available in multiple formats, it adapts to all bathroom configurations. Light and easy to work, PVC pipes are assembled using fittings (sleeves, elbows...) by simple cold bonding.
Realize the evacuation network
If PVC is easy to implement, some obligations are however to be respected to perform evacuations in the rules.
• The evacuation of WC (water) and bath or sink (sewage) must be separated to avoid any problem of desiphoning due to bad smells.
• The drainage network of the sanitary equipment must respect a slope of 2 to 3 cm per meter and this from the siphon to the connection point
• The diameter of the PVC pipes must be adapted to the equipment to which it is connected. For example, use a 32 mm diameter tube for a washbasin, 40 mm diameter for a bath or shower and a 100 mm diameter for WC.
Respect safety standards
A bathroom is the room where must live water and electricity... That is why it is the subject of a regulation imposed by the NFC 15-100 standard. This one which has been the subject of an evolution (amendment 5 of August 3, 2016) determines the location of electrical appliances according to 3 volumes (0, 1 and 2). Thus authorized electrical equipment (or not) must meet specific protection measures.
Have "zen" lighting
The NFC 15-100 standard also defines the installation of lighting. To be effective, it must be composed of a lighting height for the whole room, spotlights or ceiling lamp, and a source of light at the mirror, halogen lamps, ramps on each side... Design lamps with LEDs atmosphere, in terms of lighting, the offer is vast. The ideal is to have 2 light sources arranged on either side of a mirror, the same power at eye level to avoid shadows and general lighting.
Heat and ventilate the bathroom
Space-saving, economical in both installation and maintenance, electric heating is an easy solution. Opt for a towel radiator with inertia, certainly it is more expensive to buy but is a better investment in the long term than the convectors. In renovation if your house is equipped with a central heating circuit, take the opportunity to change the network if necessary to install a vertical radiator or towel dryer. If the heating is important the ventilation of a bathroom is as much if not more. Wet room par excellence it is essential to renew the air to evacuate the moisture which if badly evacuated cause a lot of damage... VMC simple flow, aerator, extractor... whatever the situation, the available equipment are many and meet in all cases.
Networks installed It is time to acquire sanitary and furniture equipment in accordance with the installation plans and in keeping with the dimensions of the room. So in a small bathroom, install a shower rather than a bathtub. Do not neglect the faucets. Prefer thermostatic faucets, which allow a drop in the bill of about 15%. Modern shower heads offer up to 40% savings. Equip faucets with water savers and reduce your consumption by half. And get help from a plumber jobber nearby.
Furniture side, opt for space saving storage and suspended boxes. Multiply the functions of each element: paste mirrors on the cupboards and attach coat hooks as handles. Limit clearance with sliding or tilting doors, prefer drawers and use all available spaces, eg for shelves.
Finalize the bathroom
Choose aesthetic and resistant coatings. Pérenne, the tiling comes in many sizes and offers a wide variety of colors or aspects (mosaics, porcelain stoneware, large tiles...) enough to adapt the decor to your taste. More economical, PVC and laminate are very resistant and have varied decorations. On the other hand if you are a fan of wood, pay attention to exotic species but which are certified. In case of doubt do not hesitate to contact a handyman by filing your request on Frizbiz.com.