Rather than losing space under a staircase, why not install a storage unit and a lighted work plan? Such an arrangement, simple to implement and inexpensive (thanks to the material used, the plywood) is still useful. This piece of furniture, here installed in a cellar and intended for storage of tools and various materials, can of course be the same in an apartment or a house, and serve as a shelter for sewing, knitting, or to the exercise of leisure activities.
- Folding Meter
- Powder cord
- Concrete drill
- Hand saw or circular saw
- Backpack saw, miter box
- Wire stripper
- Electrician's screwdriver
- Fluorescent tube
- Wood glue
- Screws, jumpers
- Preparation of the space
- Set up lockers
- Furniture upholstery
- Drawer production
Preparation of the space
1. It is necessary to begin by doubling the inclined plane under the staircase with thin plywood. After cutting the panels to the required dimensions (using a handsaw or circular saw), fix them by nailing.
2. After deciding on the location of the cabinet elements, locate them on the floor and on the wall. Start with the ground markings: take measurements and trace the chalk line. Use a plumb line to mark the wall plumb lines drawn on the ground. Once the plumb is correctly marked, plant a point on the wall, at the top. Stretch the chalk line from this point in order to trace. These markings allow the correct positioning of the support brackets of the furniture elements. The cleats are fixed by screwing (after drilling with the drill), a little beside the marked mark, which corresponds to the location of the vertical partitions.
3. The floor is here made of concrete, it must be pegged at regular intervals to be able to set up the support brackets of the lower trays of the furniture. These cleats indicate the location of the partitions: drill a little next to the markers and not above. Use a drill equipped with a drill bit. After drilling, push the dowels with a hammer.
4. After cutting the cleats to size (back saw), screw them into the previously pegged holes. The partitions will abut against these cleats, and rely on them.
Set up lockers
5. The vertical partitions are fixed, by screwing them too, in the plywood placed in doubling of the staircase on the one hand, on the cleats on the other hand. Place screws at regular intervals, and close enough together to make a sturdy assembly. Also attach the partitions to the cleats placed vertically on the wall.
6. To be able to put a shelf in place, it is necessary to have previously fixed a cleat (by nailing, and after setting to the good size, of course) on the two partitions. Cut out two boards of agglomerate: one takes place on the cleats attached to the ground and serves as the lower tray to the furniture, and the second (shelf) is supported on the cleats.
7. The agglomerate, interesting material because of its modest cost, does not have a very good appearance. It is therefore better, for a better finish, to hide all the visible songs with wooden cleats (here fir tree). After gluing the edges with wood glue, attach the trim cleats by screwing. To join with the inclined plane of the staircase, you must cut the cleat at 45°: this cut is made without difficulty with a saw and a miter box. Garnish all visible songs.
8. The narrow space available under the upper part of the staircase can only accommodate a triangle-shaped locker. The base panel, always in chipboard, must be cut at right angles to the side that leans against the wall, and at 45° to the side that will be fixed on the doubling of the inclined plane of the staircase. To make these cuts, use a circular saw, tilting blade and 45° handle (angle formed with the tool plate). Hold the workpiece still, using clamps.
9. After having located on the wall the height chosen for the establishment of the base plate of this rack, make a trace for the installation of a cleat. Fix it by screwing. He will receive the shelf, which will also be supported on the inclined plane (under the stairs). It is also necessary to put in place a vertical cleat, from the shelf to the ceiling.
10. After having placed and fixed the lower plate of this rack, it is necessary to conceal the unattractive songs of the chipboard. Screw the cleats on each side of the edges, after having cut them (saw to back and box to tabs).
11. To make the best use of the worktop, you need a lighting system. A fluorescent tube is quite suitable for this kind of installation. This material is sold with a pedestal; it is fixed by screwing under the upper rack. To make the connection between the base and the tube, the conductors must be stripped to a sufficient length, using a wire stripper. Work on any electrical installation involves compliance with a number of safety rules. The most basic precaution is to turn off the power at the main circuit breaker before making the connections. Always use an insulated handle electrician's screwdriver. The electric wires that run on the wall are fixed by nailing bridges.
12. The work plan will be supported on a frame of cleats, placed on the walls and the vertical chipboard partition. These cleats are fixed by screwing; determine the height of the worktop according to the size of the user and the planned work (to be done sitting or standing). The worktop itself is made up of two fir planks, which simply rest on the cleats (avoid the agglomerate since this part of the furniture remains apparent).
13. The upper part of the furniture is here closed by a door, also made of chipboard. After cutting to the contours and corresponding dimensions, proceed to the veneer of the edges of this panel which, because of the position of the door of the locker, remain visible. Their unsightly appearance invites to conceal them under a veneer, which is done by simply heat-sealing, using an iron (thermostat connected to the "wool" position). The fixing of the hinges is done by screwing on the song of the door.
14. The installation of a bottom panel gives a more "finished" aspect to this storage area. To receive it, it is necessary to provide a grid of cleats, and fix the panel by nailing.
15. The manufacture of a drawer presents no difficulties. Cut out two plywood boards for the sides. Use a router to make the necessary grooves.
16. Once the corresponding grooves have been formed in the board forming the front, proceed with the assembly of the three parts. Paste them all with wood glue.
17. To make a sturdy assembly, plant angled tips in the front of the drawer.
18. Fit the bottom of the drawer. It is attached to the sides and front, by gluing and nailing. Use the router again to groove both sides of the drawer.
19. This lateral grooving is intended for the suspension of the drawer under the worktop. It will be good to "lubricate" with a dry soap to facilitate sliding.
20. The front of the drawer remains visible. To be in agreement with the plan of work, choose it in fir tree. This dressing is done by simply gluing: hold the board on the front of the drawer with a clamp during the drying time.
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