Difficult to be more typically French than a house with pretty brick walls! And yes, in France, brick houses are found everywhere, especially in the North and Midi-Pyrenees. But where does its success come from? And how to choose the right brick for your wall?
The two great qualities of brick
If the brick is so successful for construction in France, it's because it's a thermal material, which keeps the heat in the winter and keeps it cool in the summer.
The brick also presents interesting hygrometric qualities. This means that brick walls trap excess moisture in the air and return it when the ambient air is dry. So, there is never too much or too little moisture in the house!
With each type of brick its use!
When we talk about "brick walls", it's quite large. There are indeed different types of bricks, with different properties, that we will choose depending on the construction to achieve.
- Red brick (or full). This is the traditional brick par excellence! Baked at 1200° C, its color and appearance change according to its region of manufacture. Highly resistant and insulating, we can build red brick walls (load-bearing walls or not) without having to add additional insulation.
- The hollow brick. With its horizontal perforations, hollow brick is lighter and more insulating than solid brick. It has also largely outpaced in the construction of walls. With hollow brick, it is possible to construct interior brick walls as well as exterior walls, with or without porch. In addition, with the Monomur system, hollow brick walls can be built in record time.
- Refractory brick. This is the one that will be used for walls that will be subjected to a very strong direct or indirect heat. As a chimney wall, or a wall that will be behind a wood stove for example. The refractory brick retains the heat, and then restores it.
- Brick facing (or facade). As the name suggests, brick facing is a decorative brick, which is used both indoors and outdoors to dress a wall. Facing brick can be molded for a rougher, more irregular look, or pressed for a smoother, sharper look. Facing bricks of various shapes and colors are found.
- The glass brick. Generally used for aesthetic interior partitions, the glass block is interesting in that it allows light to filter while preserving privacy.