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Make a solid wood bench

Solid wood, robust, It is a sirnple bench, whose rusticity suits the style of country furniture or regional. Its realization will allow you to reconnect with these assemblages which comes out the basis of woodworking. The tray consists of two non-joined boards arranged side by side. The base is formed of four feet united two by two by two spacers; then these double legs are themselves assembled with two crosspieces, lower and upper, the latter supporting the plateau in the center, in length.

Necessary material

  • square
  • Mesureing tape
  • Pencil
  • Trusquin
  • Backpack saw
  • Plane
  • chisel
  • Wood chisel
  • Mallet
  • Drill
  • Abrasive paper

Draw the mortises

Draw the mortises

1. Trace the mortises of the feet, two by two, with the square, hatching the part to remove so that no confusion is possible. Scheme of assembly of the solid wooden bench, List of the material.

Tracing

Tracing

2. The joints by tenons of the upper struts of the double legs are traced with the truscan, as for a bunching; the parts to be cut are hatched.

Draw the mortises

Draw the mortises

3. To the truscan too, draw the mortises to be made in the lower struts of the legs, to fix the lower crossbar.

Make the mortises

Make the mortises

4. Wide mortises are made with a wide wood chisel, without exceeding 30 mm of depth, here in the lower struts of the legs.

Saw in primer

Saw in primer

5. Saw with a saw, with a fine-cut back saw, the kerf inside the hatched section.

Clear with a chisel

Clear with a chisel

6. Remove with a wide wooden chisel to make a square housing in which the top rail will fit perfectly. The tenons of the lower struts of the legs are made with the saw to back, the kerf always in the hatched part for an exact cut.

Realization of tenons

Realization of tenons

7. The achievements of the saw-back tenons require a square cut, which you will achieve more accurately if you keep the parts in press.

Make the mortise

Make the mortise

8. The narrow mortises are realized with the chisel, with the mallet, the depth not exceeding 30 mm for our bench. The execution must be precise.

Cut the tenons of the upper spacer

Cut the tenons of the upper spacer

9. The tenons of the upper spacer are cut in the upper part for the mortise assembly, and not by interlocking.

Assemble the double legs

Assemble the double legs

10. After checking to dry, the double legs are assembled and glued with a mallet, without forcing; start with one side.

Go to press

Go to press

11. Pressing is essential to hold the assembly during the setting time of the glue (this is preferable to fast drying).

sand down

sand down

12. After assembling the double legs and glue, sand carefully with sandpaper mounted on a well-kept wood block.

Place the top rail

Place the top rail

13. Place the top rail in its housing with the mallet; adjust without forcing, which would burst the wood (do not stick).

Place the bottom rail

Place the bottom rail

14. in place of the lower crossbar in the wide mortise formed in the spacer of the double legs (without sticking either).

Assemble the sleepers on the second double leg

Assemble the sleepers on the second double leg

15. Assembly of ties on the second double leg, the whole forming the base of the bench. The technique used ensures a very good stability.

Drill the Harpoon Bolt Housing

Drill the Harpoon Bolt Housing

16. Drill the Harpoon bolt (6 mm ø) holding the sleepers. Mill to fit the bolt head.

Screw the Harpoon Bolt

Screw the Harpoon Bolt

17. Press the Harpoon Bolt, and tighten with the hexagon wrench supplied with the bolts.

Plastic tablet

Plastic tablet

18. The head is concealed by a plastic pad imitating a more decorative forged nail head.

Assemble the bench tray

Assemble the bench tray

19. The two boards constituting the bed of the bench are assembled to the base at the level of the upper struts of the legs with Harpoon bolts.

20. If you have not used boards cut length, saw the ends at 10 cm from the double legs of the base, with a handsaw.

Cut the edges with a plane

Cut the edges with a plane

21. Roughly trim the edges, internally, between the two boards as well, then sand the assembly to the fine sandpaper mounted on the shim.

Skip a product

Skip a product

22. Finish with a fungicide and tinting insecticide treating product. or with a varnish (after treatment) or with a lacquered paint of your choice.

(photos / visuals: © Diy-prod, except special mention)

Make a solid wood bench: legs

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