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Build a brick driveway

The preparatory work for the construction of this lane consists of a search, that is to say a trench with a flat bottom and vertical walls. Plan a spade to delimit the dig, a pick to dig it and a shovel to clear the ground.

Necessary material

  • Metre
  • Spade, pick
  • Rake
  • Trowel
  • Bubble level
  • Mallet
  • Wide chisel
  • Disc cutting machine
  • Sponge
  • Sand
  • Cement
  • Wooden stakes
  • Cordeau

Laying bricks

The surface is leveled

The surface is leveled

1. Determine the location of the driveway by handing a line over staked wood poles. In the rectilinear parts, check the parallelism of the two lines. Using a spade, dig the soil between the two tended cords, about 15 cm deep. Roughly equalize the surface. Place on the vertical sides of the trench planks, resting on the bottom, checking their straightness and alignment. The correction of their placement is important because these boards serve as a guide for the juxtaposition of the rows of bricks and define the final shape of the driveway. If it must have an elbow (a right-angle bend for example), locate the angle with a square to avoid an approximation harmful to the accuracy of paving. Lay on the bottom of the excavation a layer of sand 5 cm thick. This underlay prevents the bricks from sinking into the earth soaked by rainwater. Level the sand layer with a rake.

The first row must be perfectly horizontal

The first row must be perfectly horizontal

2. The placement and laying of bricks depends on the paving chosen. The successive operations remain the same, whatever the arrangement of the bricks. To make the paving shown in the photo, line up the first row elements side by side by placing them on the sand layer. Go from one end of the driveway, against the house for example. Check the horizontality of the first row of bricks with a bubble level. Using a trowel, place sand without compacting it under each brick.

The bricks are set with a hammer

The bricks are set with a hammer

3. Strike the top of the bricks with the handle of a mallet, to wedge each element of the pavement on the underlayment.

The sand in the interstices will block the bricks in position

The sand in the interstices will block the bricks in position

4. By sinking into the sand, the bricks let go a little between them, which blocks them against each other.

finishes

Cutting with a chisel and a hammer

Cutting with a chisel and a hammer

1. Some paving drawings, in chevron for example, involve a size of the bricks. First draw a cut mark. Start sawing the brick with a chain saw. Finish cutting with a wide chisel and a mallet, following the cut made by the chainsaw.

The joints are filled with mortar

The joints are filled with mortar

2. Prepare the mortar and fill the joints (regular width, about 5 mm) with a trowel. Bring the slice of the trowel into the gaps to fill them completely. Clean the paved surface immediately with a damp sponge and remove the excess mortar on the bricks.

On the same topic

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    • Which brick to choose: solid, hollow or monomur?
    • Concrete slabs in perforated concrete on a driveway
    • Cleaning and waterproofing protection for outdoor floors and floors
    • How to build a brick planter
    • How to make slabs of washed gravel?
    • Gravel driveway
    • Make and put log steps in your garden
    • Installation of interlocking pavers

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Video Instruction: How to Lay a Driveway - Bradstone