- "Laying the first stone!"
- Traditional masonry, country stone, brick and blocks
- Which timber to choose?
- Custom made solid wood carpentry
In the pure style of the houses of Gatinais, Christophe Pouet built this annex bringing together a garage, a workshop and a shelter for the wood. Its advantages? Strong knowledge, friends and a thoughtful project.
Some time after the acquisition of a beautiful traditional farmhouse in Gâtinais, the Pouet family felt the need to push the walls: "The house did not have any outbuildings and as we needed a garage for two cars, storage space, a tinker shop and a stake, we decided to build a building on our land. grouping together. "
For our reader, this building had to be in harmony with the house:
"of stone facades for the parties facing each other, the brick angles and openings and the flat tile roof. " Christophe Pouet leads his project from start to finish: plans "at the traditional drawing board", building permit and construction. He just got help for the big jobs.
The construction is carried out in place of an old building appearing on the cadastre: "apart from a limestone doorway and the brick floor, there was nothing left, our first task was to lay the brick floor". He went on to demarcation, setting up networks and foundations.
First pick to prepare the earthworks. The work continues with tracing and squaring on the ground.
With the help of a neighbor, the foundations are made with the backhoe "up to 1 m deep, to be frost free." Then come a solid reinforcement trench bottom and pouring concrete. In order to avoid additional costs, foundations and slab pouring is carried out with 350 kg / m³ concrete, prepared on site at the concrete mixer. The first row of concrete blocks is laid "on fresh".
When the four rows of concrete blocks reach ground level, the slab is poured. After the formwork, the rules are positioned upstream, then removed as and when.
The slab "overflows" walls a few centimeters to facilitate future maintenance: "Clipper and brush cutter will pass without dirtying the walls."
"All the bricks were recovered after demolition work on other existing buildings in the field, and we carefully selected and cleaned them."
"Laying the first stone!"
The elevation of the walls begins at the corners, on a well prepared surface. Chaining is set up as and when.
Given the magnitude of the task - "We had to put 900 blocks, in all!" -, Christophe Pouet does not refuse the small strokes of his entourage.
The frame of the door and the siding are made using stones of recovery. "To ensure a coherent connection between the stone and the blocks, I made holes in the stone in the stones and I filled them with mortar at the time of assembly."
Note, this technical detail: the three openings in half-moon, with their brick picture, are the best effect. Our reader has laid the cement mortar bricks on a wooden template, which is itself placed on small wedges. Everything is removed when the work is completed.
The assembly of the blocks is coming to an end. All that remains is the south gable to finish. Scaffolding is used to work comfortably and safely.
Traditional masonry, country stone, brick and blocks
Our reader starts the second phase of work.
He's attacking serious things with the shellwhich will take him two good years. He begins by realizing facades and gables in concrete blocks.
The facades facing each other will be doubled later with a stone veneer: "I planned two thicknesses of blocks: 20 cm for the coated parts and 15 cm for the parts covered with the stone facing, which presents 22 cm thick. "
Result : a double wall 37 cm wide. To meet the aesthetic criteria of the region, supports, window turns and pinion angles are brick-type mulot. Same for the three openings in half-moon.
Materials sideChristophe Pouet did not have to look far: "the bricks come from the dismantling of the house (partitions, low wall, vestiges of old bread ovens or drainage gutters).
The facing stones were recovered on the ground, in the remains of the ruin and the collapsed fence walls. "Smart, especially when you have a tight budget.
Bending in basket handle (flat curve) of the garage door is done using a jig, placed on props and a chair (stacked blocks). "I work with two rows of bricks in alternate laying, this method allows me to save 50% of bricks."
Which timber to choose?
For the frame and the wood frame, whatever the gasoline, the best of the woods is the one that is harvested locally.
To choose it nearby is to favor short circuits, to participate in the development of the local economy and to contribute its small stone to the building in terms of sustainable development.
In many areas, sawyers have introduced certification or labeling systems to enhance the value of local species.
For example: "Bois des Alpes" in the South-East or "Selection Vosges" in the East, etc. In addition, the choice of a petrol must be done with respect to the PEFC or FSC (sustainably managed forests) labels.
Custom made solid wood carpentry
The third installment - and not least - concerns framing and roofing.
Christophe Pouet, for whom this is a first, takes the time to learn about calculate the dimensions of the structure as accurately as possible: "I used a book with abacuses, which allow to size according to the building and the type of frame".
Here our reader opts for a solid wood frame with rolled up.
As for the type of wood, it mixes the species: fir for the current and the Oak, "because of its strength", for the punch.
The frame completed, it attacks the blanket: heaving, bedding and laying tiles.
But it is not finished! Because, besides the interior fittings - including a staircase house -, it tackles the making a lean-to, which will serve as shelter for the wood: "I built it with salvaged oak pieces after dismantling a framework." Its realization is particularly neat, with notably farms with a slope in slight arc of the circle of the best effect: "It really has a lot of character, maybe that's what I'm most proud of", entrusts, happy, our reader.
The masonry is not quite finished, but already, the frame is prepared: "I settled on the screed to do the tracing on the ground, then the assembly."
Tooling side, our reader used basic portable power and a chain mortiser, "very handy for making full wood openings."
And he recognizes that his knowledge in tracing and triangulation, acquired in boilermaking, helped him to achieve the sketch.
It's the big day: lifting with a backhoe loader. The farms, first hoisted facing the ground, are placed on the edges of the walls.
Once vertical, the position is adjusted to ground. "I intentionally poured the lintel of the garage door after laying the trusses to facilitate this step."
"The coatings on the west side and the inner part of the shelter were made by a professional in the spraying machine.The finish is scraped type."
"Once the flat tiles are delivered, family and friends participate in the implementation of the cover."
When delivering the tiles, everyone participates These are flat country tiles for the construction to be based in its environment.