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This arrangement is part of a false recess, delimited by a masonry wall and a wall of facade. A storage made of melamine chipboard, except for drawers, purchased as a kit.

Tutorial: build a wardrobe of 4 m2 for less than 500 euros

Necessary material

Difficulty: 2/4
Cost: about 500 €
Time: 1 to 2 days
Equipment: meter, ruler, pencil, spirit level, carpenter's corner, truscan, mallet, chisel, circular saw + guide rail, electric plane, drill-driver, wood drill + depth ring, built-in drill, gaskets, cartridge gun, iron, sandpaper...

The main body of this wardrobe measures approximately 160 cm wide and 230 cm high. Above, a box occupies the residual space up to the ceiling and marries the recess formed by a rolling shutter formwork. The whole is closed by four hinged doors mounted on invisible hinges.
The partition defining the location of the wardrobe was constructed of plaster tiles 7 cm thick. The 60 cm wide tiles offer an ideal depth for this type of development.

Make or make the cuts

When you have the right tools (circular saw and rail), the most advantageous is to buy panels and make the cuts yourself elements. Otherwise, DIY stores offer to make them from a specific plan.
Themelamine chipboard is available in panels of 250 x 125 cm (Bricoman, Leroy Merlin...) or 280 x 207 cm (Castorama, Mesmateriaux.com...).
Depending on the origin of the panels, the edges are rough or covered with a band on two sides.

Prefer a dressing room kit ready to assemble

There are also complete ranges of wardrobes and dressings, kit or custom (GSB, Ikea, Kazed, Lapeyre...).
These sets include, in particular, a variety of drawers in different widths, depths and heights.
The goal is to adapt the drawers to each realization and the ideal is to have templates ready to mount with their slide set.
When plans are made to build a wardrobe, it is first necessary to make a list of everything you want to put away, to better evaluate the clutter corresponding to folded linen and clothes to hang.

One organization per zone

  • Clothes and objects of everyday use are placed within easy reach, in what is called the "active area" (middle part) of the furniture.
  • For practical reasons, the shelves for shirts, sweaters, T-shirts... must be at least 35 to 40 cm wide.
  • It is wise to provide, as here, two different wardrobe spaces: one for short clothes (shirts, jackets, jackets), the other for long (dresses, pants, coats).
  • Drawers are primarily dedicated to underwear, socks, belts...
  • The upper compartments accommodate linen and objects used occasionally (holiday accessories, luggage...).
  • The shoes, meanwhile, are stored in a dedicated space at the bottom of the cupboards to prevent their soles dirty other business.

Swinging or sliding?

The swinging doors preserve the entirety of the interior volume and facilitate the access: one finds at first glance what one seeks. But this type of opening requires significant clearance.
If it did not exist, it would be necessary to install sliding doors, which would reduce the useful depth of about ten centimeters (width of the rails) and limit access to the left and right part. If possible, allow 20 to 25% additional storage space for future acquisitions. Boxes and baskets made of steel wire, basketwork or fabric will usefully complement your layout.

The elements of the wardrobe

Main body
• 4 large amounts H. 234 x l. 60 cm
• 1 high shelf L. 162,5 x l. 60 cm
• 6 tablets l. 39.9 x D. 60 cm (left column)
• 2 shelves l. 60 x 60 cm (center column)
• 1 shelf l. 55 x D. 60 cm (right column)
• 2 doors H. 232 x l. 81 cm
Upper box
• 2 large tablets L. 144.4 x l. 60 cm
• 3 uprights H. 46 x l. 60 cm
• 1 shelf l. 77.6 x D. 60 cm
• 1 shelf l. 61.1 x D. 60 cm
• 1 right door H. 45.5 x l. 81 cm
• 1 left door H. 45.5 x l. 62.9 centimeters

Preparation of the elements of the dressing room

cutting of shelves of a wardrobe

Cut the posts and tablets with a circular saw.
In the absence of a suitable guide rail, use a metal rule clamped at each end by clamps.

equalize the cuts on melamine chipboard

If an equalization is necessary, resume the cutting with electric plane in fine passes.
Freehand work requires dexterity and a good look.

cover the songs of iron-on

Cover the edges that are to remain visible with a fusible strip wider than the thickness of the panels.
Apply the tape to the iron and let it overflow.

cut the edges of the fusible songs

Once the glue has hardened, sharpen the excess of the band with a chisel.
Use the side of the blade and not the cutting edge to avoid notching the decorative side.

use a sweeper

With a chopper, the job is even safer and faster.
Finish leveling the edges by lightly passing fine-grit sandpaper.

Tip to pierce cleats from a wardrobe to the router

punch cleats in melamine chipboard at the router

The perforations of the cleats (shelf supports) are perforated 5 to 6 mm deep (Ø 5 mm).
For spacing and alignment, use a router and a homemade fixture (photo) or a drilling template (Festool, Wolfcraft...).

template for piercing cleats at the router

Assembly of the main body

delicate cuts with a multifunction tool

Present the side panels at their location to check the plumb and level, as well as the proper alignment of the holes (cleats) vis-à-vis.
It was necessary to notch the fallout of shutter shuttering for the implementation of the high shelf.
A multifunction tool facilitates this kind of cutting.

fix the panels of a closet with polymer MS putty

Fasten the panels invisibly with MS Polymer Sealant for strong bonding.
Deposit the product in zigzag on the outer face of the first panel.

Fix a wardrobe with polymer mastic

Place the panel on the wall and tap the mallet up and down all the way to squeeze the glue.
The polymerization, slow, allows time to adjust the position.

use shims to finalize the installation of a wardrobe

Provide small plastic shims to correct any slight positional defects.
They will not be removed until the sealant has completely hardened (about 24 hours).

laying of the high shelf of a dressing room

Glue the second panel to the partition.
Hold it by pressure clamps until dry.
Install simultaneously (at two) the high shelf.

Tip for stalling a wardrobe

align a wardrobe with holds

Facilitate the stalling of the uprights with falls (here plywood), glued and nailed at the base; they allow a finer adjustment.

adjustment of the spacing of the amounts of a wardrobe

Lay the two intermediate amounts, one after the other, controlling their verticality.
The shelves, in high and low parts, allow to adjust their spacing.

align the jambs of a dressing according to the perforations

In order for the shelves to be horizontal, the perforations must be aligned.
The height of the intermediate amounts is reduced by 1 cm compared to the side.

square positioning of a dressing room

After a final positioning check, fix on the edge of the uprights the top shelf.
Provide pre-drilled holes to avoid letting the heads go over.

Creation of the upper box

place the low shelf of the wardrobe

Continue assembly by installing the lower shelf of the box.
Its length corresponds to the distance between the masonry wall on the left and the shutter shutter on the right.

to secure upper boxes to a wardrobe

For aesthetics, the two shelves must be superimposed.
Two screws at each end are enough to secure them. There too, make their heads disappear.

to fix on the ceiling the shelves of the caissons of the dressing with putty

Use polymer sealant to secure the top shelf.
Once applied against the ceiling, hold it in position with the lateral uprights, glued in the same way.

put the upper shelf of the dressing room under pressure on the ceiling

If these amounts have been cut a little too high, a wedge is necessary to ensure the pressurization of the tablet.

installation of the central pillar and intermediate shelves of the wardrobe

The central amount is added in stride, as well as the intermediate shelves.
This reinforces the pressurization of the upper shelf against the ceiling.

install the shelves before mounting the doors of the wardrobe

The number and distribution of tablets depends on what you want to store.
Install them all to make sure none of them will interfere with the installation of the doors.

Settings and installation of doors

adjust the wardrobe door

The installation of the doors requires to double the thickness of the amount with a counter-batten chipboard melamine.
Postpone section with a fall, then notch.

strengthen the top and bottom of a wardrobe

Stick the stick (about 5 cm wide) to the polymer putty, flush with the outer edge of the upright.
Reinforce at the top, bottom and mid-height with three TF screws Ø 3.5 x 30 mm.

steps of laying the doors of a dressing room

Present the doors in front of the closet to identify the locations of the four invisible hinges.
Put them on thick cardboard or plastic wedges.

delimitation of the door boxes of a wardrobe

Mark the locations of the built-in parts, called housings or cylinders, with the ruler and pencil.
Marks truscan drilling axes, a practical and accurate tool for parallel tracing.

drilling blind holes in wardrobe door boxes

Then drill the blind holes to the desired depth using a Ø 35 mm built-in bur.

embed the cylinders of the doors of the dressing room

Once the housings are recessed, fix the hinges with two small countersunk screws.
Before screwing, make sure the hinged part is perpendicular to the door.

position the wardrobe doors

Place each door vertically against its upright and secure the mounting plates.
In GSB, there are plastic tracing templates that simplify the operation.

mount and correct the false height of a cabinet door

When assembly is complete, correct a slight bias or misalignment of the door in the closed position by acting on the plate adjustment screw.
Sometimes you have to do several tests.

Supplies

  • Melamine panels ep. 19 mm
  • Heat-resistant edgings, l. 23 or 25 mm
  • Assorted drawers (dimensions to be defined)
  • Hidden concealed hinges for full recovery (110°)
  • Violin cleats
  • rods
  • Buttons or handles for doors and drawers
  • Polymer MS sealant
  • Wood screws


Video Instruction: 130 m2 The Houses Designed For A Family Of 4-6 People, 6 Rooms, 3 Bathrooms, 2 Wardrobes