Ceramic material composed of fragments or mineral powders.
There are many variations of cements, with variations in the proportions of compositions, manufacturing techniques and in the choice of raw materials used (limestone, volcanic... with different levels of ferric oxides). An official ranking, the CEM, lists them in five big families.
Mortar. Grout. Construction cement. Cement for concrete. Masonry cement...
Cement is a hydraulic binder that is a material that forms a paste capable of sealing by hardening (the setting of cement) when mixed with water.
Fire resistance and mechanical resistance to compression and traction more or less important depending on the composition of the cement.
Uses for the house:
Intervenes in the construction as an essential component in the manufacture of concrete and as essential material for the assembly and grouting of masonry works. Allows the installation of tiles and earthenware in the form of cement-glue. Used in facade cladding as a basic element in the development of mortars.
Colored cements can be used for interior decoration.
Overall, it has good durability and is easily repairable (example: repointing technique). Relatively easy to implement (according to the uses).
Requires a drying time more or less important and subject to climatic conditions (in wet weather the cement dries less quickly). Is subject to moisture and its characteristic degradation such as the appearance of mold (there are techniques for waterproofing cement).