- Practical advice
- Choose the canvas
- Clean the frame
- Prepare the canvas for the seat
- Remove the fabric of the Chilean
- Wash, rinse, brush and sand the frame
- Varnish the frame
- Cut out the necessary fabric
- Sew a hem
- Lay and staple the fabric
- Tighten the fabric around the cross
- Fix the fabric on the second cross
A few words are enough to define a Chilean: simplicity, comfort and economy. It is the same when it comes to qualifying its repair. A new look for the wooden frame so soberly articulated, some staples and brand new fabric for the seat. And voila!
DIY superstores offer removable canvas for chilienne (about 9 €). They are certainly practical to install, but their attachment system is much less resistant than stapling which guarantees a much longer life.
To renovate the frame, get St Marc laundry and fine sandpaper (150). The finish is entrusted to a colorless varnish chosen for the exterior (Starwax, V33, Syntilor) in order to guarantee the solidity of the wood in the face of bad weather (like any wooden furniture that stays outdoors). You can opt for sobriety in a natural tone. The same manufacturers offer a panel of varnish in color, for more summer fantasy or lasures just as powerful and decorative.
Choose the canvas
The fabric traders offer rolls of canvas "for deck chair or chilienne" (from 5 to 9 € per meter) striped, plain or patterned (on order). The tight texture of the transatlantic fabric ensures a reliable seat without much deformation, and its standard width (42 cm) allows for easy renovation.
It may be preferable for a fabric upholstery, provided you select the large complexion and very resistant to support without tearing the weight and pressure exerted by a seated person.
Clean the frame
It is, first, to undress the Chilean. A flat screwdriver can lift the staples that secure the fabric, a pliers finishes tearing them without leaving a staple residue in the wood.
The bare frame is then cleaned with the detergent, rinsed with large quantities of water to avoid any deposit of soda and brushed once dry. Then it is sanded finely to remove the fibers raised by previous operations. After drying, it receives a first coat of varnish diluted with 10% of white spirit, then a second, the next day, without dilution. Allow to dry for at least 24 hours before laying the fabric.
Prepare the canvas for the seat
The length of canvas required is proportional to that of the frame. The canvas must not yawn when the Chilean is folded. If possible, carry the measurements of the previous cladding (here 135 cm), and especially, take into account the surplus required by the double winding of the fabric around the sleepers.
The cut canvas, will be hemmed by a stitch to the sewing machine. On a pruned canvas, the hem is not essential but guarantees a reinforced hold. On another type of fabric, this work is essential to control his inevitable fraying. Choose a thick, thick, solid polyester yarn.
The principle of attachment to the frame is to position the fabric on the face farthest from the center of the chilienne of one of the sleepers. Simply staple, every 2 cm, the entire length of the fabric by doubling the attachment at both ends. It is then necessary to wrap the fabric around the cross and to stretch it. The stapled portion is thus completely covered which contributes to its holding. Then remains to wrap the fabric on the opposite cross by leaving yawn so as to release the necessary access to its attachment.
Remove the fabric of the Chilean
Get rid of the chilean from her damaged tissue. Raise the staples or points that hold it with a flat screwdriver or chisel. Finish the work with the pliers.
Wash, rinse, brush and sand the frame
Wash and rinse the frame. Wait until it is dry to brush it firmly to remove any encrusted dirt. To restore the wood fiber, sand with the fine abrasive (150).
Varnish the frame
Apply a layer of clear lacquer to the frame, slightly diluted with white spirit. Allow to dry for at least 24 hours before passing an undiluted second coat to finish the finish.
Cut out the necessary fabric
Measure the necessary length of fabric without forgetting the doubletour indispensable to its hanging on the frame. The ideal is to postpone that of the previous coating completely unfolded.
Sew a hem
To reinforce a pre-cut fabric or prevent the edges of the fabric from fray, sew a hem of about one centimeter on both lengths (machine for strength).
Lay and staple the fabric
Lay the fabric on one of the two crosspieces of the frame. Choose the outer face of this crossbar to staple the fabric along the entire length. Fasten twice on both ends.
Tighten the fabric around the cross
Wrap the fabric around the crossbeam. He must make the complete turn and completely cover the stapled part. Pull it firmly with one hand. Squeeze each other around the crossbeam.
Fix the fabric on the second cross
Fold the frame a little to make it easier to wrap the other end of the fabric around the second crossbar with the same desire to turn it around completely. Staple as before.