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In the project of building a house, there is always the question of the choice of the number of level. Would you like to have everything at the same level with a single storey house? Do you prefer to differentiate the night area from the day area, thanks to a floor? Are you planning to build your house on a basement? This choice depends mainly on your lifestyle, but not only. Your land must lend itself to one or other of the configurations.

Choose the number of levels in your home

Choose the number of levels in your home

Advantages and disadvantages of a single storey house

The single-storey house is easier to build and secure than a two-storey house. For a family with young children or for seniors with difficulties to move the absence of stairs is a lower risk of accident. And even when you keep fit, going up and down the stairs several times a day can be quickly tedious.
The single storey house is also easier to maintain externally. A simple ladder makes it possible to go clean the gutters or to intervene on the facade.

By cons you can less easily differentiate the day space, accessible to all, space night, more intimate.

The single storey house has the reputation of being less expensive. This is rather true for small areas. But for large areas, corridors are as many square meters as you pay! Earthworks and foundations, for the same number of habitable m², are larger and therefore more expensive.
On the other hand, to establish a large single-storey house, it is necessary to have a large enough ground which is more expensive to buy, especially in urban areas.

Advantages and disadvantages of a two-storey house

The two-storey house allows you to build the same number of square meters of living space as the one-storey house but on a smaller plot. The purchase of the land will cost you less and the place gained, will allow you to arrange terrace and garden.
To structure the different spaces of the house, the two-storey house is ideal: the day space on the ground floor and the sleeping area upstairs.

The biggest disadvantage of the two-storey house is the floor. As long as you can briskly climb the stairs, everything is fine. But the day you are disabled even temporarily (broken leg or operation of the knee, hip), the stairs become a real problem. Therefore, it is always advisable to provide a bedroom and a bathroom on the ground floor.

The two-storey house can be less expensive than the one-storey house as it is set up on a smaller plot (lower cost of land purchase and saving on earthworks and foundations). Some house models have a floor only on a part of the ground floor.

If there is no proper floor, you can plan to use the sleeping area (bedrooms and bathroom) in the attic. The cost is less than building a floor. And if this solution is chosen from the moment of construction, you can haver a beautiful, well-appointed space.

Advantages and disadvantages of a house on basement

The basement is the lowest level of the house. A well thought out and well designed basement is an asset for a home. It represents an important storage space: cellar, boiler room, cellar, etc. Thus these technical pieces do not encroach on the living space. The garage will naturally find its place as well as the workshop for DIY.
Depending on whether it is more or less buried and that you can drill window (s) and door, it can even develop a summer kitchen, a guest room, a games room.

In addition, the basement increases the overall thermal inertia of the house. Its temperature varies little with the seasons. The basement may prove to be the best way to adapt the construction to sloping terrain.

The basement is a good compromise to have room without having to build too big. A full basement doubles the available area. A half-basement, usually installed under the night part of the house, increases the area by 50%.

If it represents a cost, it is less than building a dependence of the same area in the extension or next to the house.
But beware, to fully fulfill his office, the basement must be designed in the rules of the art: insulation and drainage to avoid rising damp and effective ventilation.


Video Instruction: How To: Choose a Level