When renovating your bathroom or as part of a new construction, selecting a suitable floor and wall covering is crucial. Subject to moisture and splashing water, they must be resistant and adapted. Wood, tile, vinyl, paint, concrete or even carpet: everything is possible in the bathroom, provided you choose the right products.
The coatings for the bathroom
One can dress the walls and the floor of a bathroom with an infinity of materials. In the extreme, even the carpet (although not too windy in this room, both for reasons of hygiene and decoration) can be put there (if it is chosen in a special range "pieces water ").
Nevertheless, for the choice to be judicious and practicable in the long term, it is good to keep in mind some general principles:
- the materials must therefore be easy to maintain because they will be dirtied daily (by splashing water, steam residues and wet footprints);
- in a small bathroom, it is better avoid materials that visually increase the space (and reduce it), such as marble or natural stone;
- the coating material must be adapted to the ability to ventilation of the room. A bathroom all in wood will have to have a excellent aeration - natural or mechanical - not to risk mildew;
- the chosen materials must be waterproof and resistant to water and personal hygiene products (soap, shampoo, shower gel, etc.);
- you have to choose for the soil safe materials, non-slip (a standard exists that classifies materials from A to C, A being the least slippery) and that resist shocks and scratches, in order to guarantee their longevity.
The watertightness in the bathroom
It should be remembered that even if a coating material is impervious, it must be doubled with a SPEC (tiled water protection system) and / or SEL (liquid sealing system):
- the SPEC: on the walls, if it does not ensure tightness, it makes the support eligible for the laying of the coating (tiling in particular). It consists of a layer of liquid product which, when drying, forms a membrane. It can also be a layer of film or mat;
- salt: on the ground, ensures the watertightness of the intermediate floor as well as that of the wall or the partition on which it is raised. The operation consists in the application of a liquid or a paste which by drying or polymerization forms a layer (or a coating) of sealing. In class SP2, the SEL can be left visible. In class SP3, it is suitable for use as a subfloor of a hard coating (type tiled or sealed).
Which coating to choose?
On the floor as on the wall, the floor tile (or ceramic and earthenware) is the star of the coatings in the bathroom. Waterproof, durable, durable and easy to maintain, it is a material that exists in many price and appearance ranges. Other alternatives are possible.
- Porcelain stoneware full mass is particularly suitable for the bathroom, since it is a sandstone pressed and vitrified at high temperature which is particularly resistant to water and wear.
- Cement tile is acclaimed for its decorative appearance in a modern and refined bathroom. It must nevertheless take into account its weight and thickness (16 mm on average) before deciding: it requires in fact to be placed on a perfectly flat, stable and resistant. It is also relatively expensive.
- Natural or reconstituted stone can dress the walls and the floor giving them a living aspect (it patina with time and use). The reconstituted stone does not require any specific maintenance, but the natural stone must however be treated on an annual basis using a water-repellent product (this operation is carried out by a professional). Glazed lava is a "Rolls Royce" of natural stone coverings in the bathroom. Very elegant, it is however particularly expensive.
- Woodin a bathroom, must absolutely be of an exotic essence that is naturally resistant to moisture and should also have been treated in this way. Rather expensive, it can be used as a point key to rhythm space. There are now many ranges of imitation wood tiles that will benefit from the decorative potential of a species such as teak, while maintaining the benefits and ease of maintenance of the tiles.
- Vinyl (PVC) is an economical alternative to bonded or sealed coatings, but it must be chosen in a special bathroom range. The laminate (in a specific quality guaranteed by the manufacturer) is also possible. Less resistant to wear and scratches, they talk, however, both very easily. It must be ensured that the mold does not grow below.
- Concrete, waxed, cast in screed or laid in tiles, is easy to maintain and particularly appreciated for its decorative qualities. It can however quickly increase the budget, depending on the chosen pause mode.
- Vegetable fibers, such as seagrass, bamboo, coconut fiber or sisal are theoretically adapted to wet rooms if properly treated. Due to the irregularity of their fibers, they are nevertheless discouraged in this room for questions of maintenance and hygiene.
- The cork in slabs, with protective vinyl layer, is soft and warm under the feet.
On the wall, the special painting bathroom is, with tiling, one of the most common and least expensive solutions to dress the walls of a pond. At the bathtub, basin and shower tray, care should be taken to tile the surface to prevent moisture from damaging the frame.
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