Compare the strengths and weaknesses of different types of boilers based on their technology, performance and fuel used.
Comparative of different types of boilers
Different technologies for boilers
There are several types of boilers. Often the performance of the boiler is related to its specific operation, for example:
- The low temperature boiler consumes less energy to produce heat: it is more economical than a conventional boiler.
- The condensing boiler recovers heat from the flue gas for optimum performance.
- The pulsating gas boiler works through a cycle of micro-combustions that reproduces itself to infinity: it results in very good efficiency and energy savings.
- The electric or cogeneration boiler produces not only heat for heating the house and hot water, but also electricity.
Fuels used for the operation of boilers
In addition to the price of your boiler to purchase, it will be necessary to consider the long-term cost, which depends on the fuel used:
- The gas boiler is the most common. It exists with different technologies (condensation, low temperature, pulsation...). Recent technologies can generate a good return.
- The LPG boiler works like the gas boiler but is not supplied by town gas. LPG or propane gas is stored in a tank.
- The oil boiler also requires a tank for the storage of fuel oil.
- The wood boiler works with wood, which is the cheapest energy of all and the most ecological. But this boiler requires a regular supply.
- The electric boiler is the most economical to purchase and it is not bulky. However, it is also one of the most energy hungry in the long term.
To choose your boiler, several criteria come into account: cost, installation and / or storage constraints, performance, CO2 emissions...