It is in autumn that the preparatory work is carried out: clearing, earthwork and digging of the ground, as well as the plowing and the dressing of the planks. The first works depend on the type of land you have: old garden uncultivated for a long time, fallow land with trees, shrubs and bushes, meadow more or less invaded by brambles and tall grass, or vague land of ill-defined nature, dotted with bumps and holes, around a newly built villa.
You have to start by working on paper. Make the ground plan and determine the size and location of each plot (kitchen garden and ornamental garden), taking into account the sunshine and the direction of the prevailing winds. If you have decided to install an automatic sprinkler system and a lighting device, put them on the plan so that its design is rational and that the routing of the pipes (under the aisles) does not interfere, by the following, the cultivation work, including the digging.
• Exhibition. The garden should have a good sunshine and be sheltered from the wind. Prefer a north-south exposure, if possible with a slight slope in this orientation. If there is no natural windbreak in a heavily swept area, you need to plant a fast-growing shrub hedge (see the hedge chapter) or build a wood windbreak.
• Orientation. We are not always in control of the orientation of the garden we want to create. The ideal is a north-south oriented land, slightly sloping to the south, large enough to be able to install planks of crops east-west.
Species and varieties
A well-organized vegetable garden allows the scheduling of crops taking into account the order of the crops and the affinity of the plants.
It is important that the aisles are wide enough to provide good accessibility to the boards.
Well exposed, well oriented, organized properly and regularly maintained, a vegetable garden, even of limited size, largely meets the needs of a family
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