To create a wine cellar at home, it is necessary to create a space conducive to good wine conservation. In order to achieve this goal and realize the dream of a life for some, various arrangements and works must be undertaken.
Create a wine cellar at home
The ideal conditions for creating a wine cellar at home
To be able to set up a wine cellar worthy of the name, several essential elements are to be gathered.
- Environment and air quality
The cellar must not be flooded and located in the vicinity of a tank containing fuel or in contact with toxic products (the air must be healthy). It must also be ensured that no heavy objects that are not securely fastened or ground movement will disturb or break the bottles. To "age well", the bottles will be stored in total darkness.
The temperature of a wine cellar must be ideal for the wine to age in good conditions. The perfect temperature is 12° C (or between 10 and 14° C). It is also necessary to control the humidity level (between 60 and 80%). If the air is too dry, the caps can move and give a taste of "corked wine". If the air is too humid, it damages the plugs and labels causing mold. If the hygrometry rate is not respected, it is necessary to proceed with a treatment with resin or water-repellent coating. In any case, it is advisable to insulate any pipes passing through the walls.
- Insulation and sealing
The soil must be isolated with gravel or sand. In case of increased humidity, the land is drained and treated with a coating against moisture. And we must not forget the insulation of the ceiling and walls with polystyrene, rockwool, plasterboard or expanded cork, noting that the establishment ofa vault is possible.
The fittings of a wine cellar
Beyond the technical characteristics, we must think about amenities and aesthetics without ever neglecting the quality. And before setting up, it is essential to decide if you want to set up a wine cellar:
- of aging (for a very long term wine preservation)
- of conservation (a wine cabinet that recreates the natural conditions of a wine cellar can be a great solution)
- or on duty (for immediate consumption).
Depending on the available space and available configurations, the wine cellar can be square or rectangular (these are the most common forms) but also oval or rounded. It all depends on whether one is making adjustments to the existing one or if one totally creates a new place. In the second case, it is possible to set up partitions and install a vault.
On the materials side, it is best to opt for natural solutions like clay or stone to provide an optimal aging environment to the bottles. You can also choose brick, sand or gravel. The choice must take into account the ideal moisture content, temperature, darkness and rest time that the wine needs to improve.
If you do not have a cellar, there are wine cabinets which maintain a constant and programmable temperature. This furniture is even a decorative element that brings a touch of conviviality in a room.