Materials such as stone, marble or wood just like fabrics get stained easily. Some spots seem impossible to make disappear. There are however recipes, often traditional to overcome. In all cases, the first thing to do is to eliminate as much as possible from the staining product when an incident occurs...
To prevent stains, the best thing is still to prevent them by protecting fragile surfaces or by treating the tissues with a suitable product. The white stone is particularly vulnerable. It can be varnished to protect the surface (preferably with a matte varnish).
Certain products of very common use are excellent remedies against certain spots, if they are applied immediately: thus, a sparkling water does it prove to be effective for urine stains of a dog or cat on a carpet. You must rub with a brush to lather and dry quickly with a blotter or with a hair dryer.
The water is an enemy of varnished or waxed woods. If it is not dry immediately wiped, a mark may disfigure some old polish leaving a definitive trace. In some cases, on the other hand, it is necessary to wait until the stain has completely dried in order to intervene: soak the wood with turpentine.
- If a mark remains, rub it on with a small piece of butter.
- If the color of the wood has been thinned, equalize it by moistening the whole surface with a sponge dipped in water and Saint-Marc laundry (2 teaspoons per liter).
- Reteinter the wood.
The alcohol is treated like water when it marks a waxed wood.
On an old varnished piece of furniture, the damage is more serious, because the alcohol dilutes the old varnish: it is necessary to sand with sandpaper of grade 400, then to revarnish.
Wine and fruit juices often leave (and thankfully) only a superficial stain:
- sand very lightly, then wet with somemuriatic acid extended with warm water;
- the oxygenated water completes the treatment, with a few drops poured on the affected part, before drying of the first treatment.
The blood classically eliminates withoxygenated waterbut a solution of sodium thiosulfate 5% (available in traditional drugstore) overcomes very old spots.
The stubborn stains
oil is difficult to eliminate because the solvents that attack it naturally also attack the varnishes and waxes.
Lighter gasoline is more effective and leaves less traces than benzine or ether, commonly recommended.
The land of Sommières, or even simply talc, absorbs fat spots well:
- sprinkle the stain thoroughly;
- lay on several layers of paper;
- iron the paper with an iron set to "synthetic";
- frequently change the paper that pumps the oil.
ink simply sharewater added lemon juice if the stain is cool, but is harder to remove when the ink is dry:
- thesulfuric acid, poured on a cotton stuck on the stain, after a light sanding, gives good results; if necessary, repeat the operation several times;
- theoxalic acid is recommended to treat blemishesred ink.
Candle on a tablecloth
1. After scraping the biggest part of the candle, place a blotting paper or paper towel on the runner.
2. Place the medium iron on the blotter until you feel the smell of melted candle.
3. Immediately treat the greasy residue with a suitable stain remover.
Spanish white is certainly one of the most versatile products, widely used for stain removal. Its price is modest and it is used in small quantities.
|Very dirty mirrors and windows||Greasy windows|
|Spread a mixture of 250 g of Spanish white, 1 half glass of Marseilles soap shavings and 1 spoonful of ammonia.||Mix equal parts of the alcohol, Spanish white and white vinegar.|
|Very dirty marble||Deeply stained marble|
|Make a creamy mixture of household cleaner and Spanish white in cold water.||Pass a paste obtained with Spanish white, 25 g of lime chloride and half a liter of water. Leave to dry for 1 hour and rinse with clear water.|
|Marble stained with grease||Copper or gilded bronze|
|Dab the stains with a mixture of Spanish white and benzine.||Dissolve 10 g of soda crystals in 100 g of water and 50 g of alcohol to be burned, add 5 g of Spanish white. Rub, let dry and brush.|
|Mix 1/3 of flake soap with 2/3 of Spanish white and add water to obtain a creamy paste, spread over the ivory. Let dry and brush.||Make a paste with Spanish white, ammonia and water. Rub with this paste, then rinse, wipe and shine with a soft cloth.|
|Tin||Silver or stained crystal|
|Mix some Spanish white with olive oil. Rub, let dry, then brush and polish with chamois leather.||Dilute Spanish white in alcohol to burn. Spread this paste on the stain, let dry and brush.|
|Against the spots of balm of Peru|
|Impregnate with alcohol at 90°, then sprinkle with white of Spain. Allow to absorb and brush.|
(photos / visuals: © DIY-Prod, except special mention)
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