- Before structuring the garden
- Create different spaces
- Choosing a good orientation in the garden
- A meal in the garden sheltered from the sun...
- ... and protected from the wind.
- Light up your garden
- Light on the garden: safety first
- Implant a swimming pool
- The above ground pool: the little extra
- Garden landscaping: what the regulations say
A place of relaxation and leisure, a garden is organized according to its surface, its orientation and the needs of the family. But for it to be friendly and pleasant to live, it must take into account certain rules of development.
Before structuring the garden
Dining area, barbecue, swimming pool... if you want to take full advantage of these facilities, the garden must be structured according to the available space and priority activities. The gardens with an area of 400 m2 and 1000 m2 do not organize in the same way.
Hence the importance of establishing a scale plan of the ground (1/100e, 1/50e) to divide the various areas dedicated to distinct functions (meals, games, plantations...) according to your lifestyle and your needs. Also take the time to observe, over several days and if possible on different seasons, the evolution of the areas of shade and sunshine. This will help you to position your facilities well.
With an area less than or equal to 400 m2, prefer the surroundings of the house.
Link between the house and the ground, a hard terrace hosts the dining and cooking areas.
And by extending it with a lawn, a small garden retains a sense of space provided you place shelters and timber storage at an angle or along the fence. They can be hidden behind a small hedge or evergreens.
The space thus cleared allows an easy circulation and the creation of a small space dedicated to an activity (games, kitchen garden...).
Create different spaces
To reconcile playground and gardening, a minimum height of 500 m2 is necessary. For your peace of mind, separate the play area from the terrace with a grass area equipped with a pond or an arbor, with a hammock or a garden bench in the surrounding area. Drawing an alley, part of which is hidden by plants, gives access to different areas. If it is straight, its width should gradually shrink, giving an impression of depth to the garden.
From an area of 800 m2, activity areas are becoming larger and more numerous with swimming pool, portico... Place of sharing and conviviality, the dining area must, for lack of specific outdoor facilities, be close to the kitchen of the house to facilitate the service... For more comfort, it is best to avoid a place in full sun or otherwise this space must be shaded (parasol, sail, awning...).
Choosing a good orientation in the garden
In the warmest regions, the shade of a plant is essential: it brings freshness, lets the air circulate and can disappear in winter. However in a very windy area, prefer a nook, snuggled against your house, well away from drafts. If you have no choice, plant barriers or masonry can be used.
When dining outside, the barbecue is essential. Whether mobile or masonry, it must be placed so that the fumes do not disturb the guests without being too far from the table. In the case of fixed models, the layout must be reflected. For safety reasons, the place chosen should not be wooded and be close to a water point.
Another point to watch: the discomfort that your neighbors may suffer (smoke, blackened facade...). Even if the use of a barbecue is considered occasional, it is necessary to respect rules of good neighborhood.
A meal in the garden sheltered from the sun...
Observe the position of the shadows according to the time of day before choosing your location. In summer, the shade of a tree or that of a pergola brings a little freshness.
... and protected from the wind.
A plant hedge, a masonry fence or a stone wall breaks the flow of wind. Nearby, the dining area is perfectly safe.
Light up your garden
Like the house, a garden is also seen in the evening. A judiciously positioned lighting makes it possible to stage aisles, facades, trees or massifs. Depending on the area to be lit, the choice of luminaires differs significantly: a terrace is rather satisfied with a dim and fixed lighting, the entrance of the house requires a powerful and direct light, while the bottom of the garden requires an indirect decorative light. Again, it is advisable to draw up a plan of the areas to be illuminated. You will be able to trace the trenches to dig to pass the electrical conduits, and to intervene later in case of problem.
Light on the garden: safety first
As for all work on electrical circuits, you must comply with standard NF C 15-100. It defines the rules that guarantee the safe operation of your assembly. Remember that electricity is dangerous energy: turn off the power at the main breaker before any intervention.
All luminaires are connected to protected circuits in the main switchboard by means of protection modules. If your work requires new lines, add modules to the existing table.
Implant a swimming pool
More complex to place, a pool does not settle at random. The specificity of the terrain, the exposure, the vegetation... are all constraints to take into account. Whether masonry or above ground, the best way to integrate a pool is to create an exclusive space sheltered from the wind and sufficiently sunny. Masonry ponds should be located away from tall trees whose roots can deteriorate masonry. In the extension of the terrace or near the house, the beach is a space of transition and rest. It must be wide enough to install deck chairs and limit the presence of plants in the pond (leaves, grass...). The surrounding area can be planted as long as you avoid the deciduous species that significantly increase the maintenance of the pool. Important point, the pool must be secured (barrier, shutter, alarm...). The technical solutions are not lacking and fit perfectly in the garden.
The above ground pool: the little extra
Easy to install, the above ground pool requires little work on flat ground. Its location should be chosen carefully: sunny and away from deciduous trees.
Garden landscaping: what the regulations say
What does the regulation say
To create a masonry terrace, you do not need a permit regardless of its surface, as long as it is less than 60 cm high compared to the natural terrain.
At more than 60 cm from the natural ground and / or if you build external walls of more than 2 m high, a preliminary declaration (DP) is necessary if the terrace measures less than 20 m ².
When your terrace is more than 20 m² or more than 60 cm from the ground, the filing of a building permit (PC) is mandatory.
In a subdivision, the by-laws may be more restrictive than urban planning. Ask for the approval of the condo.