- Where can we find asbestos?
- What to do in case of discovery of asbestos?
- How to protect yourself from asbestos?
- What works planned following the discovery of asbestos?
Your house was built before 1997? You are likely to discover asbestos materials during work because its use was massive before that date in the construction elements. Attention danger! Our advices.
Discovering asbestos in a house, how to react?
Where can we find asbestos?
Asbestos is found in all flocking materialss, false ceilings, insulation, floor slabs, walls, ducts but also in fiber cement, certain household appliances (seals), plastic paints and floor coverings, flame retardant garments made before 1997. It has been used en masse in various products for these qualities of thermal and acoustic insulation and its fire resistance.
Its dust is invisible so it is impossible to detect asbestos with the naked eye but your home certainly includes if it was built before 1997 or if the devices are before that date.
Asbestos has been banned since that date in France because it causes severe respiratory diseases and cancers which are only an average of 20 years after exposure and are due to inhalation of asbestos fibers.
What to do in case of discovery of asbestos?
As we said before, asbestos is not seen and the only way to know if it is present in your home, is to appeal to real estate diagnoser to carry out an asbestos diagnosis.
If you have a doubt about a material in your home, do not remove it (for example a floor covering) or do not drill a wall before having the results of the asbestos diagnosis. If the report is positive, you must involve an asbestos who will explain the procedure to follow according to the type of material.
Eliminate your appliance by bringing it to an appropriate sorting center.
Asbestos diagnosis is mandatory in the context of a sale, a rental, of work or demolition for a property prior to 1997. The state of conservation of materials is controlled for the work to be considered.
How to protect yourself from asbestos?
Attention, the direct intervention by private individuals on asbestos materials must be exceptional and limited.
Asbestos is extremely dangerous and a simple drilling or sanding of one of these products is enough to release asbestos fibers, very tiny in size, which are deposited on the lungs by inhalation and which are responsible among other cancer lung.
The best protection against asbestos is not to work on any asbestos material in any way and contact a professional.
Nevertheless here are some tips to protect you from asbestos:
- If you are in the presence of a material friend, you must wear a P3 mask and a working suit disposable and try to confine the area as much as possible.
- You removed a coating containing asbestos? Do not use your vacuum to remove residues because the asbestos fibers would disperse in your interior and the risk of contamination will be higher. Eliminate your waste as quickly as possible by bringing your material into a dump that accepts these products.
- To reduce emissions asbestos dust, you can moisten the material, limit or even proscribe tools with a fast speed like a drill. Check if you can not bypass the friend material.
- After use, clean the tools thoroughly with a disposable wet cloth and put your protective clothing in a clearly marked bag. Take a shower and insist on the hair.
What works planned following the discovery of asbestos?
Following the asbestos diagnosis, we sent you recommendations of work classified in three levels according to the regulatory list A (friable material: flocking, false ceilings, insulation) or B (non-friable material).
- The first level, N = 1 (list A) or EP (list B), is a periodic monitor for a non-degraded coating. These materials can be kept at home by ensuring proper maintenance and avoiding any actions that could degrade them.
- The second level, N = 2 or AC1, is a poorly degraded state with a dust measurement for list A and a reconditioning action for list B only on degraded materials.
- The third level, N = 3 or AC2, is a very degraded state with an obligation of elimination work for list A and for list B requires corrective actions for the whole of an area in order to avoid that the materials are not solicited or even more degraded, for example by prohibiting access.
As a general rule, it is better do not intervene yourself on a MPCA (material and product containing asbestos) and call a professional quickly.