To change the color of a piece of furniture without obscuring its veins or highlighting a cheap wood, sometimes just a few drops of dye. New or old, outside or inside, all woods can be dyed, provided you use the right products.
Tools and materials needed:
Brush, or sponge
Fine-grained sandpaper, and very fine
Step 1: Choose your dye
There are three types of dye, to choose according to your expectations, your wood but also your budget: dyeing with water, oil, alcohol and chemical dyes.
Dyeing with water, made of pigments (natural or not) dissolved in water is one of the cheapest. It is not recommended for wood with very open pores such as oak, walnut or mahogany. It is suitable for low porous and hard woods such as birch and is easy to apply.
The oil dye, which is very fragrant, tends to yellow and is used most often in the industry. Not recommended for specific finishes, it tends to crack with time and does not apply easily.
The alcohol dye, very resistant, dries quickly and easily applied. Binding to remove, it gives however a very interesting aged aspect to the wood. It is used a lot to create color variations. It dyes the wood in depth, and is difficult to remove.
Step 2: Prepare the surface
Before dyeing the wood, wet it with a clean sponge to pick up the fibers of the material.
Then sand the surface with fine-grained sandpaper to make it smooth.
If your furniture has holes, close them with wood pulp.
When testing a wood fall, check that the dye matches the desired effect.
Step 3: apply the dye
The method used varies depending on the type of dye.
The water stain should be shaken well before application.
Dip a brush or cloth into the stain.
Then dab abundantly the wood in the direction of the fiber.
Then equalize the shade with a sponge previously dipped in the dye and wrung out, always following the direction of the wood.
If the stain does not suit you, apply a second coat to darken it or dilute it in water to lighten it.
Quickly remove the excess stain with an old rag to prevent stains and drips.
The alcohol dyeing applies as water paint, however it is advisable to replace the brush or rag by a gun.
The oil dye is made with a soaked cloth, in the opposite direction of the grain with circular movements, eight-shaped.
Then uniformize the layer by rubbing the dye a second time in the grain direction.
Allow the dye to penetrate and then uniformize it by rubbing it once more in the direction of the wood with a dry, clean cloth.
Step 4: the finishes
After having respected the drying time of your dye, generally indicated on the instructions, you can apply if you wish a filler, also called fondur, by rubbing perpendicularly with the wire of the wood with a rag. Then standardize the surface by spreading the filler in the direction of the fiber. Once the wood is dry, lightly sand the surface with very fine grit sandpaper and wipe with a cloth. Finally, apply wax, glazer or varnish on your wood.