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To work on your electrical installation, you will need some specific tools. Others are already part of your toolbox.

Tools for tinkering with electricity

tongs

Needle-nosed pliers
Cutting pliers

Electricity and connections: the toolbox: electrical

Wire stripping pliers

Wire stripper
Automatic stripping pliers

Electricity and connections: the toolbox: connections

Tools for stripping cables

Electrician's knife
Cable Stripper

Electricity and connections: the toolbox: electricity

Measure and test

Digital multimeter
Tester screwdriver

Electricity and connections: the toolbox: electricity

Insulated screwdrivers

Electricity and connections: the toolbox: connections

Tool for embedding a box

Drill equipped with a hole saw

Electricity and connections: the toolbox: electrical

Electric wires

Electric wires

The wires are protected by a sheath whose color indicates the function: blue for the neutral, two-color yellow / green for the earth and any other color (but mostly red) for the phase.
There are two types of threads: rigid (identified U) and semi-rigid made up of several strands (denoted R).
Their denomination makes it possible to recognize them.
Example: H 07 V-U. 1.5 means that the conductor is harmonized (H), that it is rated for a maximum voltage of 700 volts (07), that the insulation is PVC (V), that the conductor is rigid (U) and that section of 1.5 mm².

Electric cables

Electric cables

The cables are multiple conductors composed of several son of different colors together under an insulating envelope. Their denomination makes it possible to know their peculiarities.
Example: 3G1.5: means that the cable has three wires, including one ground wire (G for Ground = ground in English), 1.5 mm² each.

Table of sections

SectionCircuit
1.5mm²8 lighting points
8 ordered outlets
5 direct sockets 16A
Electric radiator <2,250 W
VMC, shutters
2.5 mm²8 direct sockets 16A
Specialized circuits (washing machine, oven, freezer...)
Non-instantaneous electric water heater
Electric radiator <4,500 W
6 mm²Cooker, hob

To discover: the multifunction tool

To discover: the multifunction tool

It identifies the phase and detects live electrical circuits in the wall.


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