- Fertilizers for garden, what use for what use?
- Effectiveness of fertilizers according to their origin
To flourish, garden plants necessarily need to be planted in soil that brings them the right nutrients. Organic fertilizer, green, organic or mineral fertilizers... garden fertilizers intervene in this direction, to enrich your land. Explanations.
Fertilizers for garden, what use for what use?
The fertilizers bring to your plants the nutritional elements necessary for their development and which are missing on the ground of your garden. Used regularly, they facilitate growth plants and improve their vigueur.
These nutrients are:
- nitrogen (N)
- phosphorus (P)
- potassium (k)
The different existing fertilizers, natural and chemical, contain these elements in varying proportions. Thus, they are not used under the same conditions.
- Fertilizers containing the most nitrogen are used in the spring to help your perennial and seasonal plants develop their foliage and stem.
- Fertilizers containing the most phosphate are used in autumn and winter on your fruit trees, flowering plants and vegetables to stimulate the growth of their roots, their flowering and fruiting.
- Fertilizers containing the most potassium are used in the fall and winter on your fruit and flowering plants to increase their resistance to diseases.
Effectiveness of fertilizers according to their origin
- The biological amendment
Compost, manure and compost contribute to the fertilization of your soil but their nutritional properties are variable. They must therefore be chosen according to your cultures.
- Green manures
Natural fertilizers from fast-growing plants (alfalfa, clover, phacelia) that are buried in the garden at the end of their life cycle. Their decomposition contributes effectively to enrich and fertilize the soil.
- Organic fertilizers
These fertilizers of animal origin (manure, bones, horns or milled edges, dried blood...) or vegetable (stubble, algae, ash...) act in the long term and favor the mineral balance of the soil.
- Mineral fertilizers
These chemical fertilizers are concentrated in nutrients and are quickly assimilated by plants. But if they are practical to use, they are nonetheless polluting.
In any case, choose your fertilizer according to the needs of your plants and the nature of the soil. An excess of fertilizer will weaken your garden.