- The granito, decorates the soil since antiquity
- The composition of a granite floor
- The uses of granito
- The maintenance of a granite floor
Choosing a granite floor means bringing history into your home. For several centuries the granito, also called terrazzo, dresses the floors of the most noble homes. So why not yours? Granito is a noble material that will seduce you with its originality and longevity.
The granito, decorates the soil since antiquity
In ancient times, when wealthy families had their floors decorated marble mosaicsthe less fortunate use these precious debris to make their own soil. From this recycling will be born the granito. Over time, the technique refined to become, from the thirteenth century in northern Italy, a recognized know-how. The granito then decorates the floors of the most beautiful Venetian palaces including the Grand Council Hall of the Doge's Palace (1325 m² in one piece in perfect condition).
It was not until 1920-1930 that the granito was exported all over Europe. With the artistic Art Deco movement, the granito gives the full measure of its decorative qualities. In the years 1950-70, it comes in prefabricated slabs but loses creativity. Which may explain its decline.
Since the 1990s, architects have rediscovered this authentic and durable material that lends itself to many compositions.
The composition of a granite floor
The granito is made in the same way as the concrete. It is therefore a mixture of white or gray cement but where the gravel and the sand are replaced by pieces of marble or other natural stones of different particle size, or even splinters of colored glasses or metal particles. It is this combination that gives a mottled and variegated ground of the most beautiful effect.
The cement can be stained in the mass. The choice of the color of the cement, that of the aggregates as well as their granulometry, makes it possible to create personalized compositions.
The granito is either poured directly on a fresh screed or poured on a dry slab after application of a tacking glue.
Regularly, expansion joints are incorporated in the granito. These metal seals (zinc, aluminum, brass, stainless steel) or PVC fold into various shapes and thus allow to create patterns or delimit different areas of color on the floor.
After 5 to 8 days of drying, the granito is polished. This polishing is what gives the coating all its nobility. It brings out the brilliance of the stones and gives it its brilliance.
The uses of granito
The uses of granito are as numerous as they are varied. Almost indestructible, it will find its place in every room of your house:
- It allows the realization of large area in one piece.
- But it also adapts to small surfaces such as stairs.
- Moisture resistanthe is not afraid of the outside or the bathroom.
- Robust, the places of passage intense do not scare him (entrance, living rooms).
- It also exists in the form of slabs. But what he gains then in ease of setting up, he loses it in originality.
- It can also be molded in vanity for bathroom, walk-in shower, kitchen worktop, wall cladding, etc.
The maintenance of a granite floor
You will maintain your granito floor very easily. It does not fear stains except acid stains. This is his only weak point...
Regularly wipe a wet mop. If necessary, add Marseille soap or a neutral pH detergent to the water. Remember to rinse well with clear water. Preferably use microfiber mops to prevent streaks.
When the soil has received after polishing, an application of white beeswax, repeat the operation every six months using wipe pre-impregnated with wax.
If you buy a house with terrazzo floor, it may have tarnished especially if it had undergone crystallization. In this case, it must be sanded and polished. For a large area, better to call a professional. Similarly, if your granito is damaged in some places (pipe passage, for example), a professional will repair it and restore its brightness.
The price of a granite floor varies from 130 to 200 m².
Good to know: The granito is also called terrazzo. In fact, the real name of the technique is terrazzo. Granito is a French specificity, born in the Art Deco period where the masters of works used mainly very fine aggregates. Hence the name granito meaning "petit grain" in Italian.