- Associations adapted to materials
- Geometric combinations
- Cut tile assemblies
- Color combinations and decorations
- Choose and prepare your decor
Tiling is probably the technique that offers the artist the widest palette to express his creativity on the floor of a room, to the point that some do not hesitate to speak of "tiled carpet" to describe the soil of some rich abodes. Today, we rediscover these possibilities of decoration thanks to a renewal of the ceramic art.
If all tiling must be placed on a stable and perfectly united floor, this condition is essential to achieve an artistic composition of layout, combining tiles of various sizes and shapes. These compositions are quite within the reach of a careful amateur, provided however that the soil to be decorated has a regular shape.
Associations adapted to materials
To have a maximum of possibilities of combinations, it is necessary to be able to choose among the greatest number of tiles of different formats and decorations. However, these variables are more or less numerous depending on the material in which the tiles are made.
The association of different materials is not advisable to an amateur who has not already made a tiled floor. It remains possible, provided that the essential characteristics of these materials are homogeneous:
- same classifications UPEC and PEI;
- rigorously identical thicknesses;
- surface condition compatible with the same method of maintenance;
- porosities little different.
The multiple possibilities of the layout
One can create an extreme diversity of decorations, from the simplest to the most sought after, by combining tiles of different shapes, sizes and colors, but always of the same thickness.
Whether you're putting tiles of the same color or different colors together, or putting decorative tiles together in a single set, it's always a question of combining elements of different shapes and sizes.
Related formats have been precisely developed to facilitate the layout. By choosing them, the beginner amateur can realize an original decoration without taking big risks. Two types of tiles are thus commonly proposed in the main collections:
- squares with cut corners, which are combined with small square cabochons, these being either tone-on-tone, or of a hue more sustained or clearer;
- the junction forms, very long hexagonal polygons called "shuttles" which arise between squares generally square, but sometimes also hexagonal or octagonal;
- complementary shapes combining large tiles with cabochons sometimes regular shapes (round, oval, diamond, star), but more often specific format.
- the homothetic squares (the most common being the 30 x 30-15 x 15 cm and the 33 x 33-16 x 16 cm) are sometimes proposed in the form of plates of four tiles having the same perimeter as a large square, which obviously simplifies their installation.
Cut tile assemblies
The end of the end of the calepinage technique is to cut diamonds, triangles, trapezes or diamonds, to achieve very elaborate geometric effects of the "wind rose" or "shark teeth" type.
This work requires great precision and a careful preparation of the decor, so as to provide a sufficient number of tiles and to prepare the cuts.
Calculate the number of tiles needed. To compensate for falls and breakage, count about 20% more tiles than the number resulting from the simple division of the surface to be decorated by that of a tile.
Cutting tools must ensure a clean cut, without splinters or serrations, so as to have perfect joints. These results are normally obtained with an abrasive disk or an electric tile.
Color combinations and decorations
Most of the floor tile collections are offered with finishing and decorating elements (listels and borders) and often also with decorated tiles, at least when it comes to glazed stoneware. These elements can be combined to create a personalized decor.
The effect of "carpet" is obtained by placing a strip of tiles, either parallel or diagonally, between two rows of strips. These strips can be placed along each side of a corridor or frame a central rectangle of a room.
Decorated tile inlays in the tiled surface can be self-sufficient, but can also be emphasized by framing a plain listello.
Inlay of listels in a diagonal composition, in zigzag or alternate one tile out of two, enliven a tiled floor.
Choose and prepare your decor
These works clearly require more care than laying a uniform tile. The importance of serious planning is proportional to the complexity of the layout chosen and the surface to be tiled.
Consider the dimensions of the room and its lighting
- tiles placed diagonally give the impression of enlarging the surface;
- the dimension in which most of the large sides of a composition are found tends to look smaller;
- a clear dominance in the choice of tiles "enlarges" the surface, while the opposite effect is obtained if the drawing favors the darker tones.
Prepare the scenery by drawing it to scale on a large sheet of squared paper
- a sheet of A2 format (or a half of 75 x 106 cm) with 1 cm square tiles is enough to draw precisely the layout of a room from 10 to 25 m2;
- for a complex combination, make a "blank" test by placing the unglued tiles on about 1 m2;
- to combine the colors, sample the shades between the tile packets.
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