- A building full of charm
- The big cleaning
- From the frame to the roof
- A well-covered bread oven
- Oak joinery
- Terracotta and faience of Desvres
- The extent of the damage
- A traditional reconstruction
- Make the coyau
- Renovate the fireplace
- Coat and cover
- Seal the channel tiles
- Voligration and rainscreen
- Install a skylight
- Make an old-fashioned shutter
- Tile terracotta
- Faience frescoes by Desvres
- Clean, treat and wax the terracotta
- Traditional gateway
- Miller's ladder
- Mouth and support piece of the oven
This small building with its bread oven would have been demolished, if Michel Treps, a young retired tiler, had not fallen in love. From this thunderbolt will be born an exceptional restoration.
See the plan of this realization (in pdf): A Auvergne supply: The plan
The rehabilitation of this furnace begins as a love story. Michel Treps, retired tiler discovers this small building on the property he acquired in 2003. Marielle, his wife tells us about it: « My husband was seduced by this small building and decided to restore it to the identical. Absolutely not jealous, on the contrary: " I am in awe of the work done. Saving this little heritage was a real adventure "She explains. A long-term job full of twists and rich lessons for lovers of old buildings.
A building full of charm
Initially, it was not won. covered with brambles and weeds after years of abandonment, the building did not look good. But our reader sees in him an exceptional character: " There are not many private ovens left. Indeed, the construction is typical of the region. We are in Cantal, not far from Aurillac. Rectangular and similar to a small dry stone barn, the building has a hedged blanket in small scale tiles. Extended cover in its lower part by a coyau (change of the slope of the roof), which gives it this charm peculiar to the houses of the south of Auvergne.
● Attached to the pinion, the bread oven is all round. At his feet, remnants of canal tiles testify to his past splendor. inside, the mouth of the oven still looks great despite the years of abandonment. In short, a building that can not leave indifferent a passionate old stones like Michel. Without thinking any longer, he raises his sleeves and launches into the restoration of the furnace.
The big cleaning
It is first of all a clearance in rule: the vegetation is ripped unceremoniously, and little by little the extent of the damage appears. Far from being discouraged, our friend begins a long work of undressing. First the cover. The tiles are filed, sorted and cleaned for reuse. Because this is one of the peculiarities of this project: Michel uses only old materials that he recovers on the spot or that chines on the right or on the left. With a few nails and the terracotta floor, there will be no new material on this site. After the tiles, it is a careful examination of the framework that he gives himself. The damage is important: a complete reorganization is necessary. Example: the sandpits are to change. The coyau is also to resume and many rafters no longer provide their support function. Ditto for the walls: those who will receive the sandpits on which the coyau will support must be entirely taken up in their upper part and leveled. It's a real work of mason and carpenter. Michel splints as if he had done this all his life. And when asked if he's trained for this project, he says, " I go to feelling. No doubt that his professional experience in the building has served him well.
From the frame to the roof
The frame rebuilt, it is time for Michel Treps to metamorphose into a roofer. Cut one by one, the whistle parts of the core are nailed to the rafters (these small pieces of wood attenuate the slope of the cover). As is customary in these mountainous regions, before the setting up of the tiles, Michel nails on the rafters a poplar planking, itself covered with a rainscreen. after a severe cleaning, the tiles find a new youth and gradually take their place. Traditional method too: each of them is secured to the nailing by the nails. The tiles are laid cross-lapped by overlap of about two-thirds. Michel's new transformation, this time in masonry, to make exterior coatings: cleaning, digging joints, applying a lime plaster. This is the furnace sheltered from bad weather. But before attacking the interior, the bread oven needs a new look.
A well-covered bread oven
despite the ravages of time, the oven is not as bad as Michel might have feared. Inside, the vault is unscathed. On the other hand, the sole, the surface on which firewood and then bread are first placed, requires repair. Several refractory clay tiles are replaced. Remodeled also, the mouth of the oven. Two large stones that had moved are resealed. Outside, it's still a cover job. This time, it is the tile channel that will be implemented because of the low slope. Which requires a lot of preparatory work to rebuild the " hat Above the vault. Or a screed of 4 to 5 cm made using a traditional mortar with lime. On this screed are then deposited the tiles. Of course, the case is complex because the work is circular. It is necessary to carry out a careful and consistent tracing on the support then to make bevel cuts. The work is done in two stages, half by half. Marielle explains it to us: " For the first part, everything went for the best. For the pose, after some hesitation, he managed to find the hand. But it was worth it to rack your brains because the result is, in his eyes, impeccable: " The oven is overstuffed. »
Here we are with a superb oven and a construction sheltered from the vagaries of the weather. To take full advantage, interior design is required. After having been a carpenter, mason and then roofer, Michel changed his cap again and became a carpenter. Needless to say, all the joinery (doors, windows, cupboards) was in such a state that a restoration was impossible. Again, Michel is imaginative and works on instinct. He recovers oak beams and planks... and rolls up his sleeves. Marielle admires: " He realized the door, the cremone window and its shutter with a wooden bolt for closing. He also made the creeping dormer window. Not to mention the « pö » a shelf held by two uprights connected to a beam on the ceiling. But the carpentry work does not stop there. Now you have to have a floor to create a small mezzanine and a miller's ladder to access it. The set is made from raw oak planks.
Terracotta and faience of Desvres
After some minor electrical and plumbing work, Michel puts on his tiler clothes. Needless to say, the professional speaks: " The floor was clay. After pouring a slab, I put the terracotta on an old-fashioned screed. Said like that, everything seems simple. In reality, the tiler has done a good job of calepinage. The terracotta is diagonally assembled in 75 x 75 cm squares. In the kitchen area, 1866 Desvres earthenware to make any bargainer pale. All is successful and the last word is for Marielle: " Surprising of authenticity. »
The extent of the damage
Tarpaulins, brambles, rubbish, various vegetation... nothing showed the authentic character of this construction. Michel Treps, he knew how to guess and make the best.
A traditional reconstruction
The work begins with the laying bare of the structure. It is a question of measuring the extent of the damage of the whole. Essential to the bread oven, the flue and the chimney are completely reworked.
Make the coyau
Difficult when one is neither carpenter nor roofer, the installation of the pieces of wood in whistle on the lower part of the rafters to realize the coyau. The alignment must be perfect.
Renovate the fireplace
Not easy to scaffold over the bread oven. Attention security is limited! Yet, you have to access the fireplace. She also needs a facelift.
Coat and cover
Work has already progressed well. The building receives a lime rendering made on site with local sand. The choice of a stone finish seen allows the stones to be flush with the surface of the wall.
Seal the channel tiles
To cover the bread oven is not an easy task. The rounded shape of the holder does not make it easy. In the lower part and at the ridge, the canal tiles are sealed in the traditional way.
Voligration and rainscreen
After the oven, it is the turn of the building's roof. Once again, tradition prevails. Only sprain: the installation of a rainscreen on the voligeage. Modernity is sometimes good!
Install a skylight
The exterior work is finished. Note, the roof skylight brings light on the mezzanine (a creation of Michel Treps). Its tightness is ensured with lead bibs.
Make an old-fashioned shutter
Representative of the work accomplished: this component is manufactured in the old fashioned way. Assembly tenons and mortises, nailed hinges and, icing on the cake, wooden bolt.
The terracotta (150 x 150 mm) was bought in a local brickyard. They are traditionally implemented on a thin screed with hydraulic lime mortar.
Faience frescoes by Desvres
Beautiful, the earthenware Desvres (108 x 108 mm) date from 1863. They were recovered over time. Previously mixed, they are assembled in patchwork fresco.
Clean, treat and wax the terracotta
After acid cleaning, the terracotta is treated with linseed oil and turpentine and waxed with beeswax. A protective treatment that brings out the colors.
The gateway to a door leaf with oak frames does not detract from the whole. Everything comes from recycled materials that have been reworked and assembled traditionally.
Carpentry always with the manufacture of the miller's ladder. As for the floor of the floor, the assembly is made by bouvetage from raw planks of recovery.
Mouth and support piece of the oven
The mouth of the oven has been deeply reworked. The stones forming the vault were resized before repositioning. Same operation for the support piece at the entrance of the oven.