First impression of a visitor on your home, the decorative role of your fence is a key element, which must however meet certain rules.
When to close?
Owner, you are free to fence off your land whenever you like. Article 647 of the Civil Code specifies that there is no time limit, that you can mount a fence when you buy your land or years later. You simply have to respect local customs and easements that may infringe on your property. That said, closing your lot is not as easy as it sounds. The first thing to do is to check the boundaries of your property. If it is along a public road, the administration will issue you an alignment order.
For this, contact the prefecture if it is a national road, the General Council if it is a departmental road, or the town hall if it is a communal road. Regarding the limits that separate you from your neighbors, the safest is to involve (if possible jointly with them) an expert surveyor. It will come on your land to raise its dimensions, consult the documents of the cadastre service and install landmarks, called boundary stones, which will delineate very precisely your property.
Respect the regulations
Before starting work, go to the town hall to know the rules imposed by the local plan (PLU) or land use plan (POS) of the town. Height, materials, colors..., in most municipalities, the fence elements (including the gate) must be the subject of a preliminary declaration of work. Count a month of instruction or two months if the architect of the buildings of France must be consulted. Finally, if your property is in a subdivision, remember to consult its rules that may impose certain rules.
Side work, the wisest is to get along with your neighbor to build the fence straddling the property line and share the costs. However, it is not necessary to obtain his permission if you do not encroach on his land. The fence is then at home and to you (it is you who will maintain it). But be careful: one centimeter too much, it can make you destroy it. In the city, however, you can try to force your neighbor to build a common fence. But only the court of first instance can oblige it.
Where to position the portal?
If you are implementing a new portal, you will find the rules surrounding its position in the PLU. In general, the town halls ask to place the access to the ground on the least frequented road (a road rather than an important axis) and outside junctions, crossings and roundabouts. The gate must often respect a withdrawal of 5 m to allow a car to park, a person to go down and to open his door without blocking traffic.
Lastly, in certain situations, it may be necessary to fill a "road permit" at the town hall and to have the sidewalk work, including the fitting out of a boat, done at your expense.