- How to get rid of ants in the house?
- The ant and its operation
- The proliferation of the Argentine ant
While it is not uncommon to see ants in a garden, it is also possible to find inside houses. Insect very common, harmless (the species that we meet most often do not sting), it is nonetheless a real scourge as soon as it develops in homes. To avoid any invasion, it is therefore strongly recommended to get rid of ants as soon as possible.
How to get rid of ants in the house?
As with silver fish, cockroaches or food mites, ants can be removed by similar preventive methods. It's all about practical advice and common sense in the most invading play: cooking.
- Carefully store your food! Whether they are dry or wet, they should all be kept in containers completely sealed to insects. Indeed, no food residue should attract them to avoid colonization.
- Do not leave no dirty dishes hang out in the sink.
- Undertake a great cleaning of kitchen background in order to clean the surfaces, the interior of the cupboards, the recesses behind the furniture...
- Select a trash that closes well.
- Vacuum regularly in every corner where dirt tends to accumulate.
- Use a steam cleaner to clean the kitchen, cupboards, bathroom, toilet and every nook and cranny.
Methods to kill ants
There are 2 types of approaches to getting rid of ants.
- The natural approach: some basic ingredients, economic, can be used to repel ants, such as vinegar, white chalk, sawdust, moldy cardboard, coffee grounds moistened... They are to be deposited on the course of the ants. They can send insects back to their natural habitat, without killing them.
- Chemical insecticides: whether they are repellents, traps or products to kill ants directly, they are all composed of chemicals specially designed to eliminate this type of insects. They come in the form of sprays, gels, powders, granules, most often to scatter on the way that ants take. By ingesting these elements, the ants carry the poison to the anthill.
To make an ant trap, watch our step by step video: "Make an Ant Trap".
Find all the natural techniques against harmful insects in our file: "Prevention and natural treatments against insects".
The ant and its operation
Ants live according to a very hierarchical social organization. It is relevant to know this way of life better to fight them when they invade homes.
- The ant is an insect of relative small size (between 0.75 and 52 mm) characterized by angled antennas.
- But what sets it apart from other insects is its very great ability to organize real societies of individuals. Living in colonyIn ants sometimes very complex, the ant can cohabit with a very wide range of its kind: from ten to several million!
The most common types of ants
There are more than 11,000 species of ants in the world! But in France, around houses and in these, we meet mostly six types of ants.
- The black garden antAs its name suggests, it favors nature because it lives in the soil. However, attracted by food residues in a kitchen, she might be tempted to enter a house.
- The carpenter ant: it elects residence in the wet wood from where its possible presence in a dwelling.
- The red ant, the red ant, the pharaoh ant or the Argentine ant are other species that can be found in our latitudes, but they are more often installed in nature.
Life cycle and ant behavior
- The ant is born from an egg laid by a Queen. Most of the larvae (after being nymphs) will become so-called adult ants "Workers". Sterile, they are entirely dedicated to the colony. Punctually, groups of queens and males are born which, in a "nuptial flight", breed to perpetuate the species.
- On average, worker ant has a life span from 3 weeks to 1 yearwhile males die quickly as soon as they have bred. The queen lives for many years.
- Ant colonies are based on the division of labor and an great communication. We also note that faced with a complex situation, a danger, they are able to organize themselves, just as a human society would do.
InterestingAnt has a behavior similar to that of termites and bees. They seek to bring together a large number of members to form a colony. It is this phenomenon of mass grouping that makes their presence very pervasive, especially in homes.
What are the risks for humans?
The man considers the ant useful because it eliminates harmful insects in the garden. However, as soon as it develops in large numbers and enters homes, it becomes a nuisance. Let's do a check in.
- Invasion of dwellingsIf an anthill has decided to invade a house, it must be removed quickly.
- The ant can also tackle food stocks, which becomes unfit for consumption.
- This insect has the ability to hide in every cornerwhich makes it complicated to destroy.
- In some cases, an entire colony may choose to live in neglected areas of the dwellings.
- However, most species of ants do not sting and do not attack the man. Only their large numbers and invasiveness are nuisances.
If the invasion becomes too important, it is recommended to use a pest control company.
The proliferation of the Argentine ant
Introduced certainly by accident in the Southeast, via a cargo of flowering plants, the Argentine ant is tough. Since 2002, when scientists saw its development in Europe and France, it has continued to expand by destroying endemic species in our regions.
The main nuisances caused by the Argentine ant
- destruction of other insect species ;
- destruction of plants and fields ;
- invasion of homesshe appreciates wet wood and the houses where they are found;
- damage in homes: it attacks food stocks, closets where clothes are stored, electrical appliances (cables, heating systems, washing machine...)
Good to knowTo recognize them, you have to have a very strong smell when you crush them!