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Grate the wood by hand

The rasp is one of the carpenter's basic hand tools. It is used to abrade a small amount of wood to finish a piece or bring it to a desired dimension. There are flat, half-round and round (rat-tailed) graters. There are different punctures or teeth. Strong teeth are used for roughing while weak teeth are used for finishing.

Necessary material

  • Half-round grater
  • Flat blade grater
  • Grater with round blade or "rat-tail"
  • Vice
  • Carding brush

Use a half-round rasp

Clamping the workpiece in the vice

Clamping the workpiece in the vice

1. Place your piece of wood in a vice and tighten it tightly. She must not move during work.

Holding a half-round rasp

Holding a half-round rasp

2. Grasp the handle of the rasp with one hand and its end with the other. Make the grater go back and forth at the rate of a second, pressing moderately to go.

Using the half round

Using the half round

3. Turn the rasp over to work the flat parts and make, for example, a notch.

Use a flat grater

Holding a flat grater

Holding a flat grater

For large flat areas, use a flat rasp of good length (200 or 250 mm). You can advance the blade slightly at an angle.

Use a round rasp or rat-tail

Drilling a panel

Drilling a panel

1. When a large diameter drill bit is not available, a drill should sometimes be enlarged. Drill the panel with the maximum diameter drill bit.

Enlargement of a rasp hole

Enlargement of a rasp hole

2. Lock the panel in the vise. Insert the blade into the hole and move it back and forth giving it a rounded axial movement.

Use a plane-lime

Holding a plane-lime

Holding a plane-lime

1. The plane-file is a tool halfway between the rasp and the plane. Grasp the tool as a plane.

Slashing an angle with a plane-lime

Slashing an angle with a plane-lime

2. Move it back and forth, removing very little wood at each pass. Lower the tool to cut an angle.

Stop worked with plane-lime

Stop worked with plane-lime

3. The plane-lime is ideal for rounding a ridge.

Maintain the tools

Loosening the blade of a plane-file

Loosening the blade of a plane-file

To clean a file planer, loosen the blade retaining screw.

Removal of the blade of a plane-lime

Removal of the blade of a plane-lime

Remove the blade to clean or replace it.

Cleaning a file

Cleaning a file

For the rasp, clean the blade with a wire brush (carding brush).

(photos / visuals: © DIY-Prod, except special mention)

Grate the wood by hand: wood

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