- Use a half-round rasp
- Use a flat grater
- Use a round rasp or rat-tail
- Use a plane-lime
- Maintain the tools
The rasp is one of the carpenter's basic hand tools. It is used to abrade a small amount of wood to finish a piece or bring it to a desired dimension. There are flat, half-round and round (rat-tailed) graters. There are different punctures or teeth. Strong teeth are used for roughing while weak teeth are used for finishing.
- Half-round grater
- Flat blade grater
- Grater with round blade or "rat-tail"
- Carding brush
Use a half-round rasp
1. Place your piece of wood in a vice and tighten it tightly. She must not move during work.
2. Grasp the handle of the rasp with one hand and its end with the other. Make the grater go back and forth at the rate of a second, pressing moderately to go.
3. Turn the rasp over to work the flat parts and make, for example, a notch.
Use a flat grater
For large flat areas, use a flat rasp of good length (200 or 250 mm). You can advance the blade slightly at an angle.
Use a round rasp or rat-tail
1. When a large diameter drill bit is not available, a drill should sometimes be enlarged. Drill the panel with the maximum diameter drill bit.
2. Lock the panel in the vise. Insert the blade into the hole and move it back and forth giving it a rounded axial movement.
Use a plane-lime
1. The plane-file is a tool halfway between the rasp and the plane. Grasp the tool as a plane.
2. Move it back and forth, removing very little wood at each pass. Lower the tool to cut an angle.
3. The plane-lime is ideal for rounding a ridge.
Maintain the tools
To clean a file planer, loosen the blade retaining screw.
Remove the blade to clean or replace it.
For the rasp, clean the blade with a wire brush (carding brush).
(photos / visuals: © DIY-Prod, except special mention)
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