The Content Of The Article:

Know the specificities of hardwoods to make an informed choice of the right kind of wood.

Birch

Birch

It is a light wood whose appearance is uniform: the sapwood is not distinguishable from the heartwood. His thread is straight and his grain rather coarse. It is easy to bend after steaming.

Availability

Very good

Price

Expensive

Hardness

Good

Dimensional stability

Good

Adaptation to ambient humidity

Good

Mushroom resistance

No / None / Zero

Insect resistance

Good


Job class

• Without treatment:

Not recommended

• With treatment:

I - II - III - IV

Parquet floor

B

use

Parquet, furniture, cabinetmaking, turning, plywood

Charm

Charm

It has a yellowish-white to gray-white appearance. The charm is a homogeneous, fine-grained species with an irregular veining with wavy growths, often with a counter-wire.

Availability

Good

Price

Expensive

Hardness

Good

Dimensional stability

Good

Adaptation to ambient humidity

Poor

Mushroom resistance

No / None / Zero

Insect resistance

Good


Job class

• Without treatment:

Not recommended

• With treatment:

I - II - III - IV

Parquet floor

C

use

Parquet, turning, decorative veneer

chestnut

chestnut

The appearance of the chestnut is yellowish brown and resembles oak without meshes. Its sapwood is recognizable by its yellowish white. It is a straight grain and coarse grain wood with porous areas. Dense and acidic, it is easy to stain with alkaline glues, or water that brings out its tannin.

Availability

Good

Price

Expensive

Hardness

Good

Dimensional stability

Very good

Adaptation to ambient humidity

Poor

Mushroom resistance

Very good

Insect resistance

Very good


Job class

• Without treatment:

I - II - III - IV

• With treatment:

I - II - III - IV

Parquet floor

B

use

Exterior joinery, cladding, interior carpentry, parquet flooring, paneling, furniture

Oak

Oak

Its heartwood goes from brown-white to dark-brown. It is a straight, regular, coarse grain wood with porous areas. Quarter-sawn, it reveals characteristic shiny meshes. Dense, acidic wood that darkens over time and is easily stained with alkaline glues. Hard to saw, it provides magnifying glass.

Availability

Good

Price

Expensive

Hardness

Good

Dimensional stability

Good

Adaptation to ambient humidity

Poor

Mushroom resistance

Very good

Insect resistance

Very good


Job class

• Without treatment:

I - II - III - IV

• With treatment:

I - II - III-IV

Parquet floor

C

use

Exterior carpentry, frame, structure, stairs, sleepers, interior carpentry, parquet, moblier

Ash

Ash

White to pale brown duramen, sometimes with a black heart. Sapwood not distinct. Its pearly white, slightly pinkish, straight grain and coarse grain has a heterogeneous structure. It sometimes has wavy fiber like maple. Absorbent, easy to bend after steaming. Use a glue with a high resorcinol viscosity, and only on dry wood.

Availability

Good

Price

Very expensive

Hardness

Good

Dimensional stability

Good

Adaptation to ambient humidity

Good

Mushroom resistance

Hardwoods in carpentry: grain

Insect resistance

Good


Job class

• Without treatment:

Not recommended

• With treatment:

I - II - III

Parquet floor

C

use

Parquet, furniture, layout, turning, decorative veneer, striking tool handles, sporting goods

Beech

Beech

Light white-cream to rosé wood, without distinct sapwood. The beech is homogeneous and is distinguished by its scattered meshes that stand out on the bottom. Its wood has a fine grain and a straight wire. It takes the hue well, requires a strong bonding pressure and a high sawing power. Easy to bend after steaming.

Availability

Very good

Price

Expensive

Hardness

Good

Dimensional stability

Poor

Adaptation to ambient humidity

Very good

Mushroom resistance

Hardwoods in carpentry: treatment

Insect resistance

Good


Job class

• Without treatment:

Not recommended

• With treatment:

I - II - III - IV

Parquet floor

C

use

Sleepers, interior carpentry, parquet, furniture, turning, plywood

Cherry - Cherry

Cherry - Cherry

The pale pink cherry sapwood is distinguished from its heartwood, ranging from honey yellow to pinkish brown. Its mesh and its grain are fine, its wire is straight, little wavy. It is easy to bend after steaming. There is a risk of stains, when using very acidic glue.

Availability

Very good

Price

Very expensive

Hardness

Good

Dimensional stability

Very good

Adaptation to ambient humidity

Good

Mushroom resistance

Poor

Insect resistance

Good


Job class

• Without treatment:

I - II - III - IV

• With treatment:

I - II - III - IV

Parquet floor

B

use

High end interior carpentry, furniture, cabinet making, layout, turning, decorative veneer

Walnut

Walnut

The sapwood color ranges from yellowish to tawny gray, and the heartwood goes from gray to brown with dark veins. The grain is medium, even fine, and the thread goes right to the corrugated. Collage without difficulty. Easy to bend after steaming, rather resilient. It is possible to find a magnifying glass.

Availability

Poor

Price

Very expensive

Hardness

Good

Dimensional stability

Very good

Adaptation to ambient humidity

Poor

Mushroom resistance

Good

Insect resistance

Good


Job class

• Without treatment:

I - II

• With treatment:

I - II - III - IV

Parquet floor

B

use

Upscale interior joinery, furniture, cabinet making, turning, decorative veneer

Robinia (False Acacia)

Robinia (False Acacia)

It is a wood with sapwood very clear. The greenish yellow heart darkens with time. The thread is straight, or with a slight counter-thread with golden reflection. Its grain is average. Its wood has a porous zone very marked between each ring. Planing, sanding and gluing are carried out without difficulty. Sawing requires teeth adapted to hardwoods.

Availability

Very good

Price

Very expensive

Hardness

Good

Dimensional stability

Poor

Adaptation to ambient humidity

Poor

Mushroom resistance

Very good

Insect resistance

Very good


Job class

• Without treatment:

I - II - III - IV

• With treatment:

I - II - III - IV

Parquet floor

C

use

Shipbuilding, small carpentry, cladding, terraces, gratings, fence posts, toys, parquet flooring, interior carpentry, turning


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