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Dyeing or staining of wood

Noble material if it is, the wood patina normally alone and dark with the time. Unfortunately we do not always have the opportunity to wait. In addition, not all woods have a beautiful warm and deep hue: it is customary to color them with a suitable dye.

Appellation dyeing

The range of dyes offered by manufacturers is very wide. Appellations, of a commercial nature, do not always make it possible to identify them clearly.

Range of dyes

The name "tincture" includes an infinite number of products having in common color more or less densely the wood. Few manufacturers report the nature of dyeing (water, alcohol, oil, chemical). However, we clearly distinguish:

  • the Walnut, one of the most popular products natural and the most simple to use, but that only accentuates and darken the color of the wood;
  • the dyes who change the color in the form of a shade corresponding to the hue of a wood species (old oak, mahogany, etc.);
  • the dyes which in fact color the wood more or less intensely, unrelated to its original hue or that of any essence.

Walnut stain tincture

This natural dye is extracted from the husk, that is to say from the shell of the nuts.

Walnut

The walnut husk is a very old dye, natural, a forgotten moment and which finds today all its place. It is prudent to wear gloves: the product itself is safe but it is very difficult to get rid of!

Dyes for polishing wood

The hair dyes are products halfway between simple dyeing and wax or balm-type care product.

Stain the new wood

The waxing dye makes it possible to give a hue to the new woods and at the same time to skate them.

Shine dye

New wood, by definition, has its own natural shade. It is therefore dyed most often because it is not decorative enough. Normally dry, new wood tends to "drink" the paint, hence the need for Filling, not with a coating, of course, but with a liquid product allowing dyeing (beware of incompatibilities between products!).

Stain the old wood

Over time, old wood darkens dramatically. We use a bleach to brighten it (hence the name, also, lightening).

Bleaching old wood

The dyeing of old wood aims to correct its color or to enhance its nuances. This supposes a minimal preparation:

  • scouring or dewaxing of wood;
  • insecticide treatment if the wood is attacked by larvae of xylophagous insects;
  • discoloration to find the shade if not original, at least natural wood. This operation also guarantees the homogeneity of the dyeing. The product is simply applied to the wood with a quack brush. It is then wiped clean and washed with clean water.

Color the wood

The dyes allow a non-opacifying coloring of the wood in the most varied hues.

Wood coloring

The coloring of wood by dyeing or staining has for a long time been very delicate, the classic dyes being influenced by the hue itself of the wood and by the pigments of it. This is no longer the case today thanks to the chemical evolution of products.

The lasures are products at once treating and tinting in a relatively transparent manner. They provide diversified protection:

  • against UV (interesting feature outside for woods very exposed to light that quickly become gray);
  • insecticide, fungicide;
  • water repellent (without obviously offering the protection of varnishes or paints that waterproof the wood of a waterproof film).

Dyes, formerly confined inside, today show the tip of their nose outside the house, encroaching on the field of lasures. They have the advantage of pigmentation more lively and more cheerful without however offering the protection of conventional stains.

The colored stains are perfect for giving the shutters color, while protecting them...

Colorful stain

The marketing of coloring treatment products makes it possible to combine protective qualities (even amplified) stains and the decorative character of classic dyes. This innovation is particularly interesting for the decoration of facades by the coloring of the shutters and woodwork in bright and joyful colors (attention, however, to the harmony with the environment of the other houses, and in particular with the protection of the sites near a classified monument!).

Follow the wood

Whatever the product used, all dyes must be applied in the sense of the wood grain, not to roll up its fibers. Only coloring treatment products are applied in crossed passes, like a paint, with, however, a finishing passage in the direction of the wood grain.

(photos / visuals: © DIY-Prod, except special mention)

How to tint and color the wood?: color

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