- How to get rid of ticks in the cat and the dog?
- Ticks in humans
- What is a tick?
- What diseases are transmitted by ticks?
In the garden, pets, like men, can be bitten by ticks. These harmless pests, however, can harm animals and humans, including Lyme disease, for the best known. Avoid catching ticks and, if so, knowing how to get rid of them is essential.
How to get rid of ticks in the cat and the dog?
The presence of ticks on the skin of pets is a real concern. Prevention and control actions are important to avoid this disease-carrying pest as much as possible.
Where do ticks come from and how do you spot them?
Cat and dog catch ticks while exploring in the garden, forest, uncleared areas, tall grass. Indeed, this parasite lives in these places in search of animals which he will pump blood to develop.
On the skin of an animal, one can easily spot a tick. For that it is necessary:
- Take the animal on your lap and proceed to a careful examination of his skin, spreading the hair.
- Caressing all over the body looking for one or more little balls.
How to remove a tick from a cat or a dog
Removing a tick from a cat or dog is the best way to get rid of this parasite. But the procedure must be done gently not to spit the abdomen and leave the tick's head in the skin. Here are the recommended actions:
- Bring a tick-tick hook, the most suitable tool.
- Lay the hook against the skin of the animal and catch the tick in the slot of the clamp.
- Then slowly turn and lift the hook at the same time.
- Once the tick is detached, disinfect the area with an antiseptic product.
Under no circumstances should you:
- Press the tick.
- Attempt to remove the tick by hand or with an unsuitable tool such as tweezers. The risk is to leave the head in the wound, which can cause an infection.
- Use alcohol or ether which has no effect.
To note: Before handling, think about protecting yourself.
Prevention against ticks
Several preventive actions may allow pets to avoid catching ticks or at least reduce the risks associated with this type of parasite:
- Treat animals with pest control products.
- Limit exits in particularly wild, wild areas.
- After a ride, systematically and closely inspect the animal to remove a possible tick upstream.
Ticks in humans
While it is important to watch over one's pets, the man must also be cautious about ticks. This one jumps and clings to him on the legs, back of the knees or even the hollow of the groin or armpits, that is to say in the hottest areas of the body and wet.
Remove a tick from the man
The method of extracting a tick from humans is identical to that used in dogs or cats. Again, it is strongly recommended to use only one tick-tick hook, fully adapted to this use and ensuring good removal all the tick.
Prevention is the best weapon for ticks. Here are some reflexes to acquire:
- Mow the lawn regularly from his garden and leave no corner fallow.
- During walks, hikes or moments in the garden, wear covering clothing (pants, high shoes, long sleeved shirts).
- If you want to lie on the ground, provide coverage not to be in direct contact with the grass.
- After each walk or time spent in the garden, think about inspect his body carefully and to get help for the back areas that can not be seen.
Another parasite willingly invites himself inside the houses to feed on the blood of men: the bedbug.
What is a tick?
The tick is a parasite, like flea, which is related to the mite family. Measuring from 3 to 6 mm, she lives hidden in the tall grass where she breeds. To feed, she clings to a warm-blooded animal such as humans or pets with her "rostrum". Then, she pumps their blood for several days until they come off when they are satisfied. It goes unnoticed at first on the skin, but quickly becomes identifiable as soon as it grows with its white and round body.
Good to know: ticks are often thought to be summer insects, but in reality they are much more prevalent in autumn, a season that combines mild weather and high humidity, ideal conditions for ticks.
What diseases are transmitted by ticks?
The tick is considered a pest in particular because it is the vector of many diseases, more or less serious.
In cats (more rare) and dogs (more common and sometimes until death), ticks can transmit the following diseases:
- the mycoplasmosis (anemia),
- thehépatozoonose (deficit of immunity),
- the piroplasmosis (destruction of red blood cells, very rare in cats),
- theehrlichiosis (destruction of white blood cells),
- the Lyme disease (loss of appetite, joint and muscle pain, fever, very rare in cats, common in dogs).
Good to know: the dog, particularly subject to ticks, may present symptoms that must motivate a visit to the veterinarian (loss of appetite, depression, urinary disorders, weight loss...).
The man can catch this same type of diseases called "zoonoses". There are often cases of:
- Lyme disease.
Warning! For any tick bite with complication (infection of the area, fever symptom, loss of appetite...) or just in case of doubt, it is advisable to consult a doctor quickly.