- Waste divided into three categories
- Storage of waste: what does the regulation say?
- Waste disposal
- Special measures for hazardous waste
- Bulky: not to be confused with invasive
The works produce a quantity of solid and liquid waste harmful to health and the environment. To eliminate them at best, you need to know the best practices. Explanations...
Wood, rubble, metals, plastics, remains of glue, paints, varnishes, packaging of all kinds... Our work of DIY and renovation generate quantities of waste that fall into three broad categories: inert waste, non-hazardous (but not inert) or dangerous for health and the environment.
Waste divided into three categories
Waste divided into three categories according to materials.
Inert waste (DI)Materials: concrete, brick, tile-ceramic, cement, stone, breeze block, china, earth, ordinary glass...
- do not break down,
- do not burn,
- without physical or chemical reaction.
- road seat,
- layer of form,
* Also called ordinary industrial waste (DIB).
Non-hazardous waste (DnD) *
Materials: untreated wood, insulation, metals, paper, plastic, cardboard, plaster...
- not inert but non-toxic, non-corrosive, non-explosive...
- Direct reuse,
- return to the initial or transformation industrial sectors,
- boiler rooms (wood and derivatives)...
Hazardous waste (DD) including waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE)
Hazardous waste (DD)
Materials: light bulbs, treated wood, tars and hydrocarbons, impregnated or lead-containing material, glues, paints, stains, varnishes, batteries and batteries, waste electrical or electronic equipment, polluted earth...
- liquid (aqueous or solvent phase),
- risks to health and the environment.
- collection terminals,
- specific sorting and processing centers,
- approved sectors (Ecologic type, Eco-systems, Récylum)...
Classification table of waste (in pdf)
The demolition waste are varied and often represent large volumes. Some individuals are tempted to demolish themselves to lower the cost of the work. But this step is not without constraints: noise, dust, handling, evacuation... It is therefore sometimes wise to entrust this thankless task to a company...
Think about collaborative networks
Theelectrical tools is put to the test during major DIY work or renovation. Bearings that let go, a motor grid... it's quickly arrived! Instead of throwing away your old tools with special household garbage, bring them back to your favorite store or give them to an association for recycling.
Storage of waste: what does the regulation say?
Anyone producing or holding waste is legally responsible for their elimination and under conditions that avoid harmful effects on health and the environment. One must provide a location and what to store them during the work (rubbish bags, big bags, tippers...) minimizing the nuisance for the neighborhood.
The big bags can contain up to 2 tons of rubble (GSB, trading...). Some are for single use and others reusable. Recently, a company (Big Bag'n Go) offers to recover your rubble. Launched in Ile-de-France, this service could be extended to other regions.
Price example: 99 € for the "medium bag" (1 m)3/ 1.5 tonnes of rubble) + collection.
The parking a dumpster is regulated on public roads. It is necessary to ask a permission of road (document Cerfa) near his commune and to await the answer (of 2 to 4 weeks). The lessor drops the bucket and recovers it when it is full. Its services, including the ability to transport toxic waste, are contractually defined.
The opinion of the expert*
"The more we sort, the more we value and the less waste management is expensive... But there are not enough collection platforms... To overcome the constraints related to their development, the energy transition law has provided that the traders in materials will have a dedicated location for waste collection. "
* Didier Michel, manager of recycling company, about the circular economy in partnership with the FFB (French Building Federation).
Potentially hazardous products and residues are stored separately in sealed and secure collectors, avoiding any mixture likely to cause a chemical reaction or pollution. Burning, dumping in landfills or burial on site are strictly prohibited. It is possible to fill an excavation with inert waste, whose non-polluting character is verified, such as rubble for example.
High security transportYou can transport the waste yourself or contact a professional registered in the register of carriers and renters.
In all cases, the safety instructions must be followed, such as a solid tarpaulin trailers and vehicles to plateau. If you rent a bucket, the removal is included in the contract. But be careful to respect the uses defined by the renter.
If one entrusts his work to a professional, the craftsmen and companies of the building are required to declare in prefecture any load superior to 500 kg if the waste is Not dangerous, à 100 kg only if they are dangerous. The declaration must be completed on a standard form. The inert waste clean and sorted do not have to be declared. Penalties are provided in the event of failure or non-compliance with regulations.
Where to deposit construction waste?Disposal should be done before containers overflow to appropriate facilities: recycling centers, landfills managed by local authorities, waste disposal centersetc.
France has more than 4600 waste disposal centers organized in collection areas dedicated to different classes of waste. Some welcome small volumes of individuals. The large facilities open to all are spread on the outskirts of cities, where there are suitable areas of land. All do not have the same capacity. Ask before you bring your garbage. A access card is sometimes requested. Issued at the town hall, it gives the right to an annual volume determined in advance (25 m3) and controlled by punching at the entrance to the site.
Although site sorting is not a legal requirement, mixed debris is likely to be rejected unless it is of the same class or dedicated to the same value chain: rubble and inert earth, by example.
Special measures for hazardous waste
Because of the harmful substances they contain, hazardous waste (DD) requires special attention and treatment. Many of them are recoverableeven at the cost of complex and expensive techniques. Others are doomed to specific storage facilities or toindustrial incineration.
The law requires the use of professionals to get rid of lead or asbestos materials. They are found in dwellings built before their prohibitions in 1995 (lead) and 1997 (asbestos).
Wastes containingfree asbestos, friable, are packaged on site in two waterproof bags, the first washed before being placed in the second. Once the bags are labeled and sealed with numbered seals, they are entrusted (with a tracking slip) to a authorized carrier. Asbestos waste related to inert or non-inert materials are subject to different but not less precise procedures. If they are respected, the use of an authorized carrier is not necessary, but they must be filed in a specific and paid collection point.
Paints, varnishes, stainsetc. do not throw themselves into the toilet and do not mix with household garbage. They must be placed in a dump and left in their original container, hermetically closed.
Bulky: not to be confused with invasive
Municipalities organize (by appointment) a special pickup systemcalled "bulky". This service recovers for free at home some heavy and / or voluminous objects that can not be transported in waste: mattresses, furniture, strollers, bicycles... Christmas trees. If the construction waste can quickly become invasive, they are excluded from the device, just like the objects too big or too heavy for the municipal agents. It is therefore prudent to inquire, before depositing everything on the sidewalk.