Mistletoe is a plant that is commonly found on some trees (such as apple and poplar). A true parasite, an abundant mistletoe can literally exhaust the tree on which he has his home. How does it appear and how to eliminate mistletoe in a tree? Our explanations, tips and tricks in this article.
How to eliminate mistletoe in a tree
Mistletoe, a parasitic plant propagated by birds
Mistletoe is a superior plant that must survive in order to survive on the branches of a tree in order to get what he needs: water and soluble mineral matter that the tree will look for himself in the ground.
To achieve spread from tree to tree, the seeds of the mistletoe are scattered by the birds that ingest them. Resistant to digestive juices, the seeds rejected by the bird adhere to the branches of the tree. Indeed, the stem of the mistletoe adheres to it thanks to a sucker which penetrates in the bark. Mistletoe then spreads to the rest of the branches with the multiplication of its buds.
The mistletoe has all the parasite that deprives its host of its resources and ends up exhausting it. In addition, in some places, its presence transforms the wood of the tree then becomes unusable as lumber.
It must imperatively be eliminated from your fruit trees so that they maintain their good health.
How to rid a tree of mistletoe?
To be effective, the mistletoe must be removed from the first appearances of the parasite on your garden trees.
- Cut the feet of the mistletoe
Start by cutting the parasite's feet as close as possible to the branch on which it is implanted. To do this, use a billhook or a serpette.
Note: a branch where Mistletoe is too abundant should be cut with a saw.
- Remove the suckers from the mistletoe
Always equipped with your serpette, you must now dig (in depth) the branch of the tree to remove the parts where lodge the suckers mistletoe. Without this essential step, the mistletoe will undoubtedly make a new appearance the following year.
- Healing the wounds of the tree
Third essential step, you must now chew the wounds of your tree to protect it from parasites and moisture. To do this, cover the cuts with a suitable healing product.
Learn more about Garden maintenance over the seasons.