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How to restore a waxed cabinet?

This walnut cabinet, the beauty of which is based on the judicious use of the veins of the wood to create the decor of its doors, finds, under the antique-quality wax of which it is nourished, all the heat and the glare of its essence, tarnished. by too long a lack of maintenance.

Necessary material

  • Medium abrasive
  • Very fine abrasive
  • Steel wool n° 000
  • Cotton to draw
  • gasoline
  • Hardwood stain
  • Brush
  • Brush to shine
  • Woolen cloth
  • Protective gloves
  • Fondur to wax
  • Antique wax

Sanding in the direction of the wood grain

Sanding in the direction of the wood grain

1. Disassemble the doors so you can work flat on trestles. Careful sanding, always practiced in the direction of the wood grain, eliminates the grayish layer that the lack of maintenance has allowed to form. The manual operation is preferable in this case because it allows to adjust the sanding work according to the degree of oxidation of wood, different depending on the location. Wear protective gloves but thin enough to continue to "feel" the wood.

Dust the wood to prepare it for the next treatments

Dust the wood to prepare it for the next treatments

2. When sanding seems to have given the desired results, carefully dust the wood to prepare it for future treatments. Using a cloth soaked in turpentine, or gasoline F or C (more volatile) allows a more complete cleaning. Let dry. Also treat the different parts of the cabinet, first rubbing them with # 0 steel wool, soaked with a ripper. Change it as soon as it gets dirty. Sand then as for the doors. Dusting. Check that the wood has not been attacked by xylophages (often feet or bottoms, of wood brought back), otherwise treat copiously the whole with a suitable product.

Apply the shade with a cotton swab in the direction of the wood grain

Apply the shade with a cotton swab in the direction of the wood grain

3. On this primed wood, pass the chosen shade (hard wood type, based on alcohol), applied on cotton to brush, brush or sponge but always in the direction of the wood grain. This essence always has a tendency to brown and darken, it is interesting to use hues a little warmer like cherry. Take care to avoid repetitions to obtain a uniform tint. Let it dry for at least 1 hour.

Apply a layer of fade in the direction of the wood grain

Apply a layer of fade in the direction of the wood grain

4. Apply a layer of fondur with a brush, always in the direction of the wood grain. The product is used to fold down and smooth the wood fibers raised and opened by alcohol dyeing. It emphasizes and enhances the veining. In addition, its waterproofing action (closed pore), ensures the wood, a good protection against stains. Let dry for two to three hours and then lightly sanding with very fine grain abrasives. Dust

Pierce antique wax, let dry and shine with a furniture brush

Pierce antique wax, let dry and shine with a furniture brush

5. Now pass the antique wax. This wax, liquid or paste, is of very high quality and contains Carnauba wax (Brazilian palm) which, very hard, gives it a supplement of brilliance and protection. For large surfaces such as cabinet doors, choose the paste mode that you will apply in thin layers (preferable to a single thick layer that can become dirty) with a # 000 steel wool pad. Thoroughly penetrate the wax, always rubbing in the direction of the wood grain. Leave to dry for 2 to 3 hours then raise (shine) with a furniture brush. Be careful, beyond this time, polishing will require more effort for the same result. Finish with a woolen cloth.

(photos / visuals: © Libéron, except special mention)

How to restore a waxed cabinet?: restore

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