Linocut is a process of reproduction of prints where the support used, linoleum, is worked either in relief (most often) or hollow, in a pattern. This technique has been used by the greatest: Matisse, Picasso and others... It is, as for any print, to be able to repeat a "pattern", made on the material in "saving size". (technique of removing the blanks or "reserves" of the final result, the ink landing on the parts not removed so in relief.It is in fact the technique of the stamp applied to a plate known fixed. linoleum by marking intaglio, only the lines of the pattern which alone, will fill with ink and will be "impressed" on the support intended, paper most generally but here a fabric.
- Plain paper
- Translucent paper
- Watercolor pencil
- Gouge in V
- U-shaped gouge
- Linoleum in plate
- Inking roll
- Cardboard roll
- Fine weft fabric
- Reproduce a pattern on the linoleum using a V-shaped gouge
- Make linocuts on fabric
Reproduce a pattern on the linoleum using a V-shaped gouge
1. After tracing a drawing (the pattern), iron its outlines on the back of the layer with a white "watercolor" pencil that will unload its material on the support when it is pressed on it.
2. Apply the layer, the place towards you, so that its reverse, which bears the features of a white pencil, is in contact with the linoleum. Iron on the contours of the pattern with an ordinary pencil.
3. Under the pressure of the pencil, the pattern is reproduced in negative and in white on the surface of the linoleum. Use a V-shaped gouge to dig either the line (photo) and only it, (technique called "negative", easier and faster) or to dig on each side of the line leaving it intact and in relief (technique in " positive"). Work from the bottom up holding the plate firmly.
4. If you opt for the relief technique (saving size), then use a U-shaped gouge (the widest) to remove the material on the outside of the lines defining the parts to be inked. Attention, to avoid any accident, the hand which maintains the plate must never be in the axis of the gouge.
5. We clearly see on the picture the united parts that the gouge left intact while the material was removed all around. It is said that the motif was "cut off".
Make linocuts on fabric
1. Lay the linoleum plate on several sheets of paper that will allow overflowing without damage when "inking" the plate. Even if it is about painting, the term of trade "inking" remains the most appropriate. You will have spilled on a glass plate, the amount of paint needed for printing.
2. Using a special foam roller, coat the linoleum plate with the paint. In contact, only the reliefs will print the fabric.
3. You will wrap your fabric around a suitably sized cardboard roll. After you have ensured the maintenance of its base, you just need to unroll it gradually on the plate "inked".
4. Gently press a "frotton" (a sort of wedge to apply vertical pressure to a paper, cardboard or textile backing) over the entire surface of the fabric (without sliding it) so that the dye penetrates well into the fibers.
5. Carefully remove the fabric by lifting it up. The pattern in relief on the plate, must appear clearly printed on the fabric.
6. To make a colored surrounding around the printed print, place a cover to the edge of the drawing and pass the roll impregnated with paint. The color can be the same as that of the drawing or different, it is a question of choice. Allow to dry then cut off the excess fabric to form a band, regular or staggered. Iron to fix the colors.
(photos / visuals: © DIY-Prod, except special mention)
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