- 1 - Which dwellings are involved in gas and electricity diagnostics?
- 2 - What is the purpose of gas and electricity diagnostics?
- 3 - Who is authorized to perform the gas and electricity diagnostics?
- 4 - What is the diagnosis of gas and electricity?
- 5 - Do the gas and electricity diagnostics entail a work obligation?
- 6 - How long is the validity of gas and electricity diagnostics?
- 7 - The consequences of the absence of gas and electricity diagnostics
In dwellings rented out, the Alur law creates two diagnostic obligations relating to the state of the domestic electricity and gas installation. These new obligations are a guarantee of security for the tenant but also for the owner. He is thus warned of the defects of the installations of which he could be held responsible in the event of an accident and can, in all knowledge, to bring them back to norms or to modernize them.
1 - Which dwellings are involved in gas and electricity diagnostics?
These are the two decrees of August 11, 2016 made in application of the Alur law, which specifies the practical details of these new diagnoses. They are mandatory for bare or furnished rentals for use as a principal residence where the electricity or gas installations have more than fifteen years old.
They must be attached to the technical diagnostic file (DDT) that accompanies the lease.
Note that the same diagnoses already exist when selling a home.
2 - What is the purpose of gas and electricity diagnostics?
The purpose of these controls and to ensure the safety of people.
In addition, a lessor is now required to offer a decent home rental including "networks and connections of electricity and gas and heating equipment and hot water production in compliance with safety standards in force, and in a good state of use and operation.
3 - Who is authorized to perform the gas and electricity diagnostics?
The diagnoses must be performed by a certified diagnostician.
It is the same diagnostician or real estate diagnostics firm authorized to handle all the controls planned during a sale.
4 - What is the diagnosis of gas and electricity?
Overall, the diagnostician must accurately describe the state of the electricity and gas installations of the private portions of the dwelling and its outbuildings. He ensures that the installations function correctly, that they do not pose a danger and that they comply with the safety standards in force. These checks are carried out without dismantling the installations.
More precisely, he controls:
- For gas: The installation must comply with the NF P 45-500 standard
Checking the condition of stationary heating and domestic hot water devices powered by gas. Checking the piping. Verification of the layout of the premises where the gas appliances operate, their ventilation and the evacuation of the products of combustion.
- For electricity: The installation must comply with the NF FDC 16-600 standard. Verification of electrical distribution equipment (outlets, switches, wires, circuit breakers, etc.) from the meter. Verification of the proper functioning of the automatic cut-off devices (differential circuit breakers). Verification of the safety volumes in the water rooms (kitchen, bathroom).
It must also identify electrical equipment that is unsuitable for use or that risks direct contact with live parts and unprotected conductors.
5 - Do the gas and electricity diagnostics entail a work obligation?
If a certain risk threshold is reached, the owner is obliged to have the work done in order to secure the installation and bring it up to current standards, before the arrival of new tenants.
Minor anomalies can be corrected later.
6 - How long is the validity of gas and electricity diagnostics?
The duration of validity of the electricity and gas diagnostics will be 6 years.
The content is the same as that of diagnoses made for sale, if they are still valid (less than three years), they can be reused during a rental.
During the tacit renewal of a lease, the diagnoses do not need to be redone even if their validity date is exceeded.
7 - The consequences of the absence of gas and electricity diagnostics
The lessor who leases without having made these diagnoses exposes himself to a significant financial and penal risk. The lease may be canceled without financial compensation and the rent reimbursed to the tenant or revised down. In the event of an accident, a lessor who has not complied with his obligations of security and prudence is liable to a fine of € 15,000 and one year's imprisonment.
The entry into force of the diagnostics is done in two stages. From 1 July 2017 for rental contracts for dwellings located in a building whose building permit was issued before 1 January 1975. From 1 January 2018 for all other dwellings