The silk painting technique presented here is called "coarse salt". There are several others such as batik, paint "freehand" or spray, etc. The technique proposed here, which does not present particular difficulties and allows to achieve many decorative objects: lampshades, cushions, paintings, scarves, etc.
- Pinned frame
- Coarse salt
- Circles for lampshades
- White glue for trimmings
- Self-adhesive tape
- Dye and decorate silk
- Make the lampshade
Dye and decorate silk
1. The realization of a right shade, like this one, does not require any particular calculations or sketches. Simply cut a rectangle in the piece of silk: its width must correspond to the height of the finished lampshade (add about 5 mm on both sides for the hems). Put the silk in place on a pimpled frame. This one consists of cleats; fine nails arranged above allow the attachment and tension of the fabric. After attaching the floss to the spikes, tighten it with the frame adjustment screws. If you do not have a pimpled frame, attach the floss to a frame made of cleats and stretch it using three-headed bugs, pushed in at close intervals.
2. Using a sponge or cotton pad, moisten the tight silk with water. This wetting is intended to promote the penetration of dyes into the fabric. Then adjust the tension of the silk, weighed down and relaxed by the water. Prepare the dyes by adding, depending on the manufacturer's instructions, the medium, ie binder, or water. Dyes thus diluted "fuse" on the silk, producing effects of "melted" very aesthetic. Add to the dye more or less water or medium depending on the desired nuances.
3. Using a brush, spread the stains over the damp silk. This preparation is very simple: it is simply to impregnate the silk with the chosen colors, in order to obtain colored bands. It is possible to apply the dyes using cotton or hydrophilic gauze. By modulating the doses of dye applied to the silk, gradients are obtained.
4. To compose a nuanced and harmonious background, the best is to blur the colors. To do this, gently rub the silk with cotton or gauze. Fading softens the colors and allows them to blend better into each other.
5. Deposit coarse salt on the silk still wet: absorbing the dye, it clears the colors. To obtain symmetrical patterns, place the coarse salt between lines forming a fine grid, in small heaps, inside the squares.
6. Put a few drops of dye on the salt. It will "fuse", creating original patterns. Stretch the silk to stretch it again on the pimples. After the dye has dried completely, remove the grains of salt with a soft brush or scrape the salt with a piece of cardboard until it disappears completely.
Make the lampshade
1. The silk dyed and decorated, proceed to the realization of the lampshade itself. Silk is a very fine fabric; to mount it in shade, it is better to fix it on a special lining, the Polyphane. This adhesive plastic is on sale in specialty stores. Using a cutter, cut the plastic to the desired size, then remove the protective sheet leaving on one side a band 1 or 2 cm wide. This is essential for the subsequent connection of the two edges of the lampshade. Wrap the silk on a mandrel to put it in place more easily on the adhesive.
2. Place the edge of the fabric (the width) along the band protected by the adhesive. Press on the silk to adhere it, then unroll it gradually. Apply a slight, continuous tension to the mandrel to properly seat the fabric on the plastic support. Smooth the silk to ensure its adherence to the support and avoid the formation of air bubbles or unsightly creases. The surface must be perfectly flat. Spread the silk with scissors if necessary.
3. Connect both ends of the shade: remove the protective strip and place the opposite edge of the fabric over the adhesive thus released. Carefully adjust both edges.
4. Two circles form the frame of this lamp-shaped shades model. One is simple; the other has a double inverted V ring, intended to receive the bulb. Dress these two circles with self-adhesive tape, 1.5 cm wide. Both ends of the adhesive tape should overlap slightly. Make precise connections and dress the circles carefully.
5. Put the circles in position, the self-adhesive tape in contact with the inner edges of the lampshade. Smooth the band carefully with your fingers to ensure adherence throughout the circle.
6. Finish by attaching the circles to the support using a white glue for trimmings: the fabric should not play "on the cladding. After complete drying, it is possible to lay a strip of fabric around the edges. The lampshade is now ready to serve: just fix it on one foot by screwing.
(photos / visuals: © DIY-Prod, except special mention)
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