- Sawing table and motorization
- The importance of blades
- Assembly and adjustment of the blade
- Essential and adaptable accessories
- Our tests
- Six table saws on bench
Ideal for making precise cuts of long pieces of wood and at different angles, this stationary tool finds its place both in the workshop and on a construction site. To use it on a workbench, simply dismantle its base.
Inspired by the edging machines that equip sawmills, the DIY hand saw is much more compact and above all easier to transport. This type of saw is mainly used for cutting or cutting pieces or panels of wood (or derivative), but the small grooving can also be considered. The principle of the tool is simple. An electric motor mounted under a sheet metal or aluminum table drives a circular blade that protrudes from the work surface through a light. The blade is adjustable in height and tilting, for straight or angled cuts. Unlike a conventional circular saw or radial saw, it is not the cutting tool that moves to the cutting element, but the workpiece that needs to be pushed to the blade.
Sawing table and motorization
In our test, we have two kinds of table, sheet metal (Metabo and Einhell) or aluminum.
To increase the work surface, the tables are delivered with extensions that attach to the fields of the trays. The Metabo has only one extension at the back of the table. This extension remains fixed as on the Einhell.
Other machines have sliding extensions. Most have two. The Titan has three, one on each side and one on the back that avoids the use of a workshop maid. To make multiple cuts on thick, hard, or soft pieces of wood, the engines must be strong and durable. The six models in our comparison are equipped with an electric motor of 1,400 (Bosch) at 2,000 W (Metabo). These powers allow sharp and clean cuts. The engine of the Metabo, asynchronous, is quieter and more enduring than the coal engines equipping the other machines. The height and the inclination of the blade are adjusted by means of a crank (two for the Ryobi). For adjusting the blade height, the crank acts on a worm which reduces the effort to lift the motor-blade assembly.
The importance of blades
The crank shaft is equipped with a toothed gear that mates with a rack in a circular arc. The spacing of the teeth corresponds to 1° on the vernier of each machine. The pivoting of the blade can be done degree by degree from 0 to 45°. Each saw is supplied with a squaring guide. This accessory allows cutting and miter cuts. It is composed of a protractor and a rule on which comes to support the cut-off piece. The whole slips into a T-shaped groove on the saw table. The maximum cutting height depends on the design of the machine but also the diameter of the blade. The blades that equip the machines tested are made of steel with carbide tips. Their diameters range from 250 to 315 mm (Metabo), for maximum cutting heights at 90° between 75 and 80 mm and between 48 and 63 mm at 45°. This is more than enough for cutting chevron (60 x 80 mm) or worktop 40 mm thick for example. The number of teeth on the blades is important: the more there is, the more clean and clean the cut. Their number varies from 24 to 40 for the slides of our test.
Assembly and adjustment of the blade
The assembly and disassembly of the blade can be tedious. They ask to combine two gestures with two tools in a small space. One key is needed to lock the shaft and another to loosen the nut.
The divider knife, located at the back of the blade, prevents the cut piece from tightening on the blade and bouncing. It must be positioned as close to the blade (except on the delivered Evolution mounted), leaving a play of 3 to 5 mm.
The blade height can be adjusted using a crank. Tilting is done by coupling this control to a rack.
The two-crank Ryobi system is simpler.
Even if it is sometimes annoying, especially on angled cuts, the blade guard should never be removed! On the Titan and the Ryobi, it is transparent. This is a real plus to follow the progress of the cup.
Essential and adaptable accessories
The squaring guide allows you to make miter cuts from 0 to 45°. It slides in T-slots made in the tray or on a cart as here on the Evolution.
The parallel guide, firmly attached to the table, facilitates straight cuts. If it is a little short as on the Metabo, it can be annoying to saw large pieces. That of the Bosch is well adapted.
Extensions prevent large parts from tipping over. On the Titan, they are available on three sides. Do not forget to lock the tie rods before starting work.
Even if this type of machine is secure, certain rules must be respected. Never remove the blade guard. During the cut, use the pusher supplied with the machines (photo). Equip yourself with goggles and earplugs (or earmuffs), and prefer close-fitting clothing. The stop buttons, placed low enough, can be operated with the knee.
We tested the ease and mounting time of saws and their accessories. Solid oak planks and chipboard and chipboard panels tested their edging capability. Pine cladding boards (19 mm thick) and floating floorboards (6 mm thick) made it possible to check the fineness of the straight and angled cuts. We also checked the different settings (blade height and angle) and the quality of the accessories. The same type of wood was used for cutting. Finally, 90° and miter cuts were performed to test the reliability and ease of use of the squaring guide and the protractor.
The result of the tests
Quite close in engine power and blade diameter (except the Metabo), the saws tested are not really designed for intensive work. They are quite versatile and some are more homogeneous like the Bosch, first place. She has all the necessary accessories. Its grip is easy and its blade allows precise cuts. TheEvolution is in second place. It is rather a good surprise. Everything is not perfect, like the height adjustment of the blade, but it can cut wood and metal. In third place, the Titan is very competitive but lacks comfort of use. The Metabo and the Ryobi, two rather different saws, arrive fourth tie. The first offers a great cutting capacity especially in edging (the best test), but it lacks an extension or two on the sides to be really homogeneous. The second, quite brutal at startup, offers simple settings. Annoying details like the buttons on the squareness guide that touch and interfere with their handling. The Einhell close the march. Convenient for extra work, it is distanced in finishing and cutting quality.
The choice of System D
This is the "Rage 5" model ofEvolution which caught our attention. Its action is fast, the blade easily and accurately cuts wood and soft metals. Stable in use, the base folds and unfolds easily, which allows storing the table in a snap. The wheels, of a good diameter, allow to move the device comfortably. The readability of the vernier and the squaring guide is flawless. The latter is aluminum and can be recalibrated if it is out of adjustment with three screws on the protractor. The work surface is big enough, with and without extensions. There is no lack of any equipment. The sliding carriage on the sawing table is a plus for bucking and miter cuts. He slides smoothly and smoothly. Finally, the materials used for its manufacture are fairly good
Six table saws on bench
Presentation of the comparative of the 6 circular saws on table (table in pdf)