More than just a fad, organic gardening, and especially the resulting consumption of fruits and vegetables, is today a real concern for individuals. What is organic gardening? How to put it into practice? Explanations.
Description and origin of organic gardening
Organic gardening is a concept that has existed since the last century, which has become very popular since the 2000s, in particular because of the awareness and strong will of consumers to eat healthy products.
Although it is essentially known as a growing technique that does not use pesticides and other chemical products, organic gardening goes much further, and is characterized as a gardening method in which every gesture is thought out in the respect of environment: choice of plants, watering, fertilization, fight against invasives...
Good acts in organic gardening
There are thus a number of good practices organic gardening, which applies to all varieties, flowers, trees and shrubs, or fruits and vegetables.
Regarding choice of species first of all, the hobby gardener must take into account his natural environment and select plants adapted to their environment (preferably local varieties) in terms of climatic conditions (temperature, wind and sunshine) and type of soil.
The planting is then done taking care to respect the cycle of each variety, and without the addition of artificial fertilizers. Most often, the amateur gardener wanting to do organic makes his own compost to enrich and fertilize the soil. To do this, he recovers green waste from his garden (dead leaves and lawn clippings) and sometimes food (coffee grounds). Otherwise, he gets manure.
In terms of maintenance, watering is a point on which the gardener is sensitive, especially to reduce the quantities consumed. He uses rainwater previously recovered, and preferably in the evening because the soil keeps the freshness better and the water evaporates less quickly. It also applies a mulch at the foot of the plants, which also protects them from the cold in winter.
In addition to watering, the gardener provides care by avoiding as much as measuring the use of pesticides to treat diseases and to ward off invasions. The ladybug allows for example to fight aphids (as well as nettle manure), and the Hedgehog against slugs.
For the size finally, and in particular that of the trees and shrubs, the gardener, or a professional according to the height of the species, operates a so-called soft method, adapted to the age of the plants and respectful of their natural harbor.