- Pollutants in the air inside and their health risks
- The air purifier: a solution that filters pollutants
- The different models of air purifiers
- The different labels for air purifiers
- Duration and price of filters for air purifiers
- The advice of Alain Cornille, medical advisor in indoor environment
- Where can I find a CIAM?
- How to reduce indoor air pollution?
- Know the air pollution in your city
- Air quality monitoring: the 2018 - 2023 regulatory system
To effectively fight against indoor air pollution, it is necessary to know the pollutants present and their health risks. Investing in an air purifier can be a solution. This device eliminates up to 99.5% of fine particles and reduces the risk of cardio-respiratory diseases.
Pollutants in the air inside and their health risks
Inside, we breathe an air 2 to 8 timesmore polluted than outside. What are the main causes of this pollution ?:
- Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) whose formaldehyde.
- Domestic animals.
- Household products that are not natural.
- Moisture and therefore mold.
- Synthetic flooring.
- Combustion appliances.
- Perfumes, sprays, incense and scented candles.
- Painting and decoration work.
- Wooden furniture chipboard.
- Radon present in certain regions of France. (click on the map below to find out about your commune is affected by this radioactive gas)
According to the French Environment and Energy Management Agency (ADEME), these pollutants present in the indoor air can cause respiratory disorders, cancers, asphyxias, asthma attacks, respiratory allergies, irritations of the mucous membranes or headaches.
The air purifier: a solution that filters pollutants
The air purifier allows to filter the indoor air and thus the pollution present in the housing. By its action, this device participates in the prevention of allergies. He usually settles in a room and must be quiet. A vast majority of purifiers do not exceed 56 decibels and promise 99.95% of filtered pollution.
The different models of air purifiers
The price of an air purifier varies between 200 euros and 600 euros. It depends mainly on the covered area of 15 m2 at more than 95 m2. Four models to discover:
- Rowenta - Intense Pure Air Bedroom and Intense Pure Air XL
Covered area:35 m2 and 80 m2
decibels:45 dB and 52 dB
Price:269.99 euros and 369.99 euros
Both models incorporate a fourth filter that promises to remove more than 99% of formaldehyde.
- Dyson - Pure Cool Link (purifier and fan)
Covered area:Not specified
This fan purifier is a connected object: you can manage it from your smartphone. In addition, there is the model "Pure Hot + Cool Link" which purifies the air but also serves as a fan and auxiliary heating.
- Philips - AC1215 / 10
Covered area:63 m2
This purifier is not very noisy. He settles easily in a room.
- Eoletec - Eolesens
Covered area:30 m2 at 250 m2
Consult an installer of the EOLETEC networkThis purifier also provides effective ventilation in the home. It is also possible to consult the humidity and pollution rate via a tablet provided.
The different labels for air purifiers
To certify the effectiveness of air purifiers, labels have been put in place. We thus find:
- the European label ECARFIt distinguishes products and equipment that improve the lives of people with allergies.
- the Asthma Friendly and asthma & allergy friendly ™ certification: identification of consumer products adapted to people with asthma and allergies.
Duration and price of filters for air purifiers
Different filters exist for air purifiers. Some of the new models on the market have up to 4. They are still a budget to consider when buying a purifier.
- the prefilter catch hair and hair. It does not change and is hand washable.
- the HEPA filter (High Efficiency for Aerial Particles) filters 99.95% of fine particles, mites, pollen, mold and bacteria. It changes every three years and costs around 25 euros.
- the activated carbon filter removes bad odors, captures smoke and VOCs. It changes every year and costs 20 euros.
The advice of Alain Cornille, medical advisor in indoor environment
Alain Cornille is medical advisor in indoor environment (CIAM) for eight years.
He intervenes in a patient suffering from respiratory disorders or allergies at the request of his doctor. It carries out a health check thanks to the research of the potential sources of pollutants and allergens. An intervention is billed around 300 euros.
According to this professional, air purifiers equipped with filters are effective. A CIAM may recommend that patients obtain one to improve their quality of life if they have a disorder.
However, it strongly advises against photocatalytic devices. By destroying the fine particles present in the air, the ionizers emit smaller particles which, they are even more dangerous for the health (irritations of the membranes and the mucous membranes, respiratory problems, asthma...).
Where can I find a CIAM?
Click on the map to find a medical advisor for indoor environments near you.
How to reduce indoor air pollution?
Some tips to reduce indoor air pollution according to the guide of Public Health France:
- Ventilate your home early in the morning and late at night fifteen minutes.
- Air when tinkering, cooking and when cleaning.
- Smoking outside.
- Do not plug and maintain CMV once every three months.
- Have the combustion appliances serviced once a year.
- Respect the doses of household products and avoid storing them in the kitchen.
- Use preferably natural cleaning products such as baking soda, vinegar, black soap or products with an ecolabel.
- Read the labels of "indoor air emissions" on construction products.
Know the air pollution in your city
Many sites and smartphone applications allow you to know the air quality of your city or region daily.
- The PREV'AIR website. Click on the map to find out more.
- The Plume Air Report App
- The site of the ATMO federation
- The Air To Go app
- The European site Copernicus
Interactive map of PREV'AIR website
Air quality monitoring: the 2018 - 2023 regulatory system
In order to monitor the indoor air quality in institutions welcoming sensitive public, a regulatory system will be set up from 1 January 2018. According to the Ministry of Ecological and Solidarity Transition:
- the evaluation of ventilation and ventilation means
- setting up, at choice:
- A campaign to measure certain pollutants
- A self-assessment of the air quality thanks to the practical guide for a better indoor air quality in places with children
- 1 January 2018 for collective reception facilities for children under six years old, kindergartens and elementary schools
- January 1, 2020 for leisure centers and second-level educational or vocational training institutions
- January 1, 2023 for the other establishments.