To have some freshness on the terrace during the beautiful season, install well chosen trees, or lianas with generous vegetation.
The lime tree provides a quality shade for over a century. The silver form attracts less aphids and is less floriferous than other species (a benefit in case of allergy). To train it and keep it a nice volume, cut it at the end of the winter. It accepts all soils not too wet.
Very easy to find in the nursery, catalpa grows quickly and quickly gives shade thanks to its large leaves. Rustic, not very demanding on the ground, it offers a generously scented summer bloom. Easy to cut, it can take place in any garden. to make shade, avoid golden or variegated forms, much less vigorous.
Famous gélif formerly, Albizzia today produces forms resistant to - 20° C at least. Its "feathery" foliage provides a delicate shade and its pink tops with a fruity smell are a treat in summer. This small ornamental tree can be installed close to the house: its roots are not likely to damage the foundations. Cut it slightly.
False Acacia (or Robinia) resists everything, including the leanest soils, provided they are not chalky. "Frisia" is an excellent golden shape. Its vegetation is a little more restricted than the ordinary form, but the growth is faster. Place it away from strong winds that break its fragile wood. To expand the tree more quickly, pinch the stems (remove the tip) in their young age.
Very easy to grow, growing fast and adaptable everywhere, the flat maple provides a strong shade in a short time. The colorful foliage forms have a smaller vegetation and are suitable for small gardens. For it to spread out, remove the central arrow in its young age, and cut it little afterwards.
Characterized by a prolific vegetation, glycine happily accepts size. Growing fast and strong, it covers an arbor in few years and faithfully offers its fragrant bloom in April-May. The Chinese species is the most vigorous of all wisteria. Its light foliage produces a kind and effective shade.
Carrying tasty fruit, growing fast, carving well and producing a generous shade, the vine (vitis vinifera) has only advantages. You can, as here, mingle with the vineyard of Coignet, a Japanese species with large leaves purely decorative (no fruit). Both fall in blazing tones, more marked on the red fruit shapes of the table grape.
For an arbor, adopt the virgin vines tendrils (spiked species can not cling on meager supports). Change American species by planting Henry's vine (Parthenocissus henryana) with silver-barred leaves. From a velvety dark green, it turns in autumn to the warmest of rubies and lasts a good fortnight.
If you have to choose a clematis, take it: Clematis tangutica surprises with the golden color of its flowers, quite rare in the genre. The bloom lasts several months and is consistent with the appearance of silky fruits. Its light but dense foliage ensures an effective cover over more than 3 m long. Just cut it to the shears every two or three years.
An excellent plant to adopt everywhere, hops produce vigorous lianas 4 to 5 m long in one season and can cover an arbor alone. It is a perennial that disappears completely in winter. Enclose it in a root barrier, because its rhizomes are extremely conquering. Prefer the female type of the golden form, with the elegant flowering pompoms.
Good to know
- Avoid fruit trees that are juicy and colorful, such as elderberries or black mulberries: their juices stain strongly pavements, furniture and guests!
- Renounce the persistent who darkens the house in winter.
- Think that tough fruits do damage at the time of their fall (this is particularly the case of chestnuts). If you like these trees, then take a double-flowered (sterile) form.
- Despite their beauty, conifers have the defect of losing resin. They are also persistent and generously give their "apples".
- As for trees, and for the same reasons, give up the persistent ones.
- Remember that nothing resists the force of glycine. Guide the branches on strings, without letting them curl on the frame of the arbor.
- If you mix two species, take them with the same vigor, so that one does not stifle the other.
- While waiting for the creepers to be installed, fill in the voids using high-growth annuals such as mina, cobées or ipomées.