- The conditions of construction of a land
- The areas of the PLU Local Urban Plan
Before buying a land and building, you must inquire at the town hall, on the rules of construction of the area where the land is located. These rules are defined by the PLU (Local Urbanization Plan) or the POS (Land Occupancy Plan).
Purchase of land: what are the building and non-building areas?
The conditions of construction of a land
A land is considered "to build" or constructible when it meets two criteria: one technical, the other legal.
The technical part land access roads, as well as connections to sanitation, electrical and drinking water systems. To be considered constructible, the land must be able to receive buildings and be serviced.
The legal part is based on the urbanization document that determines the situation of the land in a building sector or not. This document may be the PLU or the POS. It also determines the possible "public utility easements" such as the passage of public pipes on the ground or the presence of power lines.
The areas of the PLU Local Urban Plan
The objective of zoning a PLU is to determine the rules of construction on a site. There are 4 main areas:
Called U zones, they are already built, either fully equipped or in the process of equipment on the sanitation networks in order to accommodate new construction. They are therefore described as building or building land.
Areas to be urbanized
Areas of future urbanization (AU for housing, WVA for activities) are still natural areas to be built for private homes or businesses. In these areas, urbanization is either planned or postponed until the next revision of the PLU.
These are zones A which aim at preserving and developing agricultural activities. They include cultivated land and agricultural buildings, including the farmer's home, as well as "projects related to public service or of general interest" (wind turbines, treatment plants, etc.). These parcels are considered as non-constructible, except for buildings connected to agricultural activity.
Natural and forest areas
These are landscape preservation areas; they allow the protection of varied spaces, such as forests, maquis, wetlands, ponds and swamps. The lands included in these areas are subject to natural nuisances (land movements, floods or avalanches) and are generally considered as non-constructible. Nevertheless, certain sectors included in zone N can benefit from an extension, that is to say that on built already in place, it is possible to extend the constructions, if they integrate with the environment.