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Restoration of an antique furniture

If hunting is a pleasure, it is necessary to know how to complete it by the restoration of furniture or acquired objects, sometimes inexpensive because of their bad condition. To get a good job, you need method, good advice and good products. The added value, at least aesthetic, of a good restoration, allows some investments.

Necessary material

  • Abrasive sponges
  • Flat brushes
  • Spatula
  • Steel wool
  • String
  • Buffer
  • Cotton to draw
  • Brush to shine
  • Woolen cloths
  • Gloves
  • Wood tensioner
  • Delta sander

Steps

  1. Repair broken furniture parts
  2. To decore, to strip wood
  3. Sand the wood
  4. Recap and treat the wood
  5. Thinning, skating and waxing wood
  6. Clean and renovate marble

Repair broken furniture parts

Sand the parts of the furniture to be glued

Sand the parts of the furniture to be glued

1. Sand carefully the parts to be glued. Use a sanding block with abrasive or directly an abrasive sponge (the abrasive is directly glued on a semi-hard foam that allows to marry the contours).

Apply the glue on the sanded wood

Apply the glue on the sanded wood

2. Apply the wood glue to the sanded area. This vinyl product takes relatively slowly and allows to reposition the piece if necessary. However, some of these glues are said to be "quick-set" because their open time has been shortened, leaving you with a good five minutes to work.

Strongly engage the parts to be glued in their home

Strongly engage the parts to be glued in their home

3. Bars and spacers are often loose because of temperature differences. It is therefore necessary, in case of reattachment, to engage thoroughly these parts in their homes after having filled them largely with glue.

Wipe off burrs of glue immediately with a damp sponge

Wipe off burrs of glue immediately with a damp sponge

4. Immediately wipe off burrs with a damp sponge or paper towel.

This system allows glued elements to stay in place

This system allows glued elements to stay in place

5. If you do not have a strap press, use a good string (chisel) that you hold between the two feet by twisting, using a small wrench made of a short piece of wood. Under the pressure thus obtained and maintained, the glue will have time to dry without the elements have moved.

To decore, to strip wood

Apply the stripper on the wood

Apply the stripper on the wood

1. Apply the stripper with a flat nylon bristle brush. Wear protective gloves.

Pass the steel wool on the wood

Pass the steel wool on the wood

2. Allow the product to take effect, then pass the steel wool. Repeat the operation if necessary.

Apply the fine alcohol to varnish with cotton

Apply the fine alcohol to varnish with cotton

3. Block the action of the cleaner with fine alcohol to varnish. It must be applied with cotton to be greased.

Sand the wood

The abrasive sponge replaces the sanding block

The abrasive sponge replaces the sanding block

1. The abrasive sponge replaces the traditional sanding wedge. Given its flexibility, it is also used for curved or round pieces. As with abrasives or sandpaper, these sponges have several grain sizes.

Use triangular delta sander for flat surfaces and angles

Use triangular delta sander for flat surfaces and angles

2. The delta sander with triangular pad allows the sanding of flat surfaces and especially to reach the corners.

Use a strip of abrasive paper for round pieces

Use a strip of abrasive paper for round pieces

3. For rounded, turned feet or balusters, cut a strip of sandpaper and, holding it with both hands, sand the entire height of the furniture leg. This work is not complicated, but be careful not to press too much in places, so that the sanding is regular.

Use steel wool for hard-to-reach places

Use steel wool for hard-to-reach places

4. Steel wool is the product best suited for sanding areas with difficult access: grooves, rebates or sculptures. It comes in three sizes: 000, the thinnest (to polish metals), 00, the average (fine work on wood) and 0 the big (to unravel a parquet). There are braided skates. In case of stain (recent) on waxed wood, make a small pad of 00, pass it on wax tinted the color of wood and sand. The addition of wax will prevent marking the wood of a lighter shade and the stain will still disappear.

Recap and treat the wood

Use putty

Use putty "wood paste" to close holes and slots

1. The filling of holes and slots is done with a special sealant called "wood paste", applicable to the narrow spatula. If it can be stained and sanded after drying, it is best to choose it already pre-stained in the color of your wood. Trust (with reservation) colors announced and especially not their denomination of wood species.

Let the wood paste dry and sand

Let the wood paste dry and sand

2. Let the wood dough dry and sand. In case of withdrawal (which happens with extra thicknesses), apply a second coat. It is preferable, in case of a major lack, to proceed in several passes (the thinner layers are faster to dry and offer less shrinkage) than to want to fill it at once.

Inject, if necessary, a treatment product against xylophagous insects

Inject, if necessary, a treatment product against xylophagous insects

3. Take advantage of this restoration to check if the furniture does not contain worms (xylophagous larvae). The discovery of very fine sawdust is a positive indication of their presence. Inject the treatment product using an aerosol with a fine hose with a needle to thread into the wormholes and a protective bell to prevent spatter.

Thinning, skating and waxing wood

Apply and let the wood lightener work

Apply and let the wood lightener work

1. Apply the brightener with a nylon bristle brush. Spread it on the wood and let it work.

Pass a wick of cotton wick to stop the action of the lightener

Pass a wick of cotton wick to stop the action of the lightener

2. When its action on the wood seems sufficient, stop the action of the eclatterer by passing a cotton wick pad, impregnated with fine alcohol.

Lay a layer of

Lay a layer of "fondur" in the direction of the wood grain

3. Shake the puddle of "fondur" (filler) well before applying it to the wood with a "stain" type bristle brush. Lay a thin, even layer in the direction of the wood grain.

Make penetrate the

Make penetrate the "fondur" in the wood

4. Thoroughly penetrate the "fondue" into the wood with a thin steel wool pad. Always work in the direction of the wood grain.

Apply shellac in the direction of wood grain

Apply shellac in the direction of wood grain

5. Shake well the shellac shell and impregnate a pad of cotton wicks. Apply the product following the veining of the wood which will accentuate the contrast and depth.

Use a wax to tint the wood

Use a wax to tint the wood

6. You can strengthen the shade of the furniture by using a slightly tinted wax or leave it with a neutral or colorless wax.

Polish furniture with a thick woolen cloth

Polish furniture with a thick woolen cloth

7. Let the wax dry before brushing the furniture vigorously. But, the longer you let the wax dry, the more difficult it is to make it shine. So, it is enough that it does not stick any more to the finger to begin the brushing. Then polish with a thick woolen cloth.

Clean and renovate marble

Thoroughly wash the marble with the scraping sponge

Thoroughly wash the marble with the scraping sponge

1. Any renovation of the marble begins with a serious washing with a kitchen scouring sponge and a good detergent. Wear household gloves.

Use hydrogen peroxide to remove some marble stains

Use hydrogen peroxide to remove some marble stains

2. Oxygenated water with 20 volumes, allows to eliminate a large part of the stains of the marble which it depolitates a little on the surface.

Lightly sand the marble to remove stubborn stains

Lightly sand the marble to remove stubborn stains

3. For stubborn stains, sand the substrate vigorously with a shim and abrasive with water (400 grit).

Repolish the marble with a special abrasive powder

Repolish the marble with a special abrasive powder

4. The repolishing of the marble is done with a special abrasive powder that you deposit on the marble and a ball of cotton ball.

Decide circles supported with abrasive powder

Decide circles supported with abrasive powder

5. Lightly dampen the pad in the water, take some powder by placing it on the small deposit made on the marble and sand in circles that are supported and focused. Rehumid the buffer as needed and reload powder. When marble seems to have resumed luster, wax it entirely with a very thin layer of colorless wax, which you have heated in a bain-marie to make it very liquid. Apply with a thin cloth to better control the small amount needed. Let dry and energetically shine with a woolen cloth.

(photos / visuals: © DIY Prod, except special mention)

Restoration of an antique furniture: furniture

On the same topic

  • DIY tips
    • How to strip and treat a piece of furniture?
    • Repair a piece of furniture with putty or wood paste
    • Apply a stain on a piece of furniture before finishing
    • Use wax to maintain a piece of furniture
    • Apply polish on wood indoors and outdoors
    • Maintenance of marble furniture
    • Renovation of a chimney plate
    • Restore yourself a rustic chair pierced
    • Apply white lead on a command to restore
    • Restoring a Louis XIII style chair
    • Tutorial: How to restore a varnished piece of furniture
    • Successfully restore a wooden table
    • How to restore a wooden door panel?
    • Renovation of a leather chair

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