The Content Of The Article:


From a common use in the carpenter's shop, the router is a small, versatile power tool. (Non-contractual photo, does not necessarily reflect the drawing)

It receives strawberries of all shapes for machining solid wood and its derivatives. It allows for mortises, grooves, rabbets, chamfers and moldings. It is therefore particularly well suited to perform assemblies and to carry out decorative finishes. The router also receives grinding wheels for metal work. It is a tool that runs very fast, so quite dangerous when not handled according to the rules.

Engine and characteristics of the router

The power engine is a function of the size of the machine. The speed of rotation of the shaft is of the order of 25,000 rpm; it is essential to allow the milling in good conditions. A ripper is characterized by the ability tochuck opening (clamping piece strawberries), which is of the order of 6 to 12 mm.
The depth run is about 50 to 60 mm. It's a pretty light machine. The motor is generally mounted between two columns supporting the base plate in the center of which the strawberry comes out. Two side handles hold the machine firmly, always with both hands.
The base plate, generally circular, is coated with a synthetic material that allows it to slip without damaging the workpiece.

Anatomy of a ripper

Anatomy of a ripper

Setting and mounting strawberries

Each milling job requires a double adjustment: depth of cut and adjustment of the guide. Strawberries jam with one or two Keywords, depending on the models. Assembly and disassembly are fast. After disconnecting the machine, lay the router down and push the rod into the chuck. Lock the fixing nut with a wrench while the other holds the drive shaft fixed. The depth is adjusted by a notched ring.
However, it is necessary to make a preliminary adjustment so that the depth is on the 0 of the graduated scale when the cutter is flush with the base plate. This adjustment is made when the cutter is mounted, or later by unscrewing the chuck fixing nut.
The adjustment of the lateral guide is, like that of depth, by direct reading of the graduated scale; if the model does not have one, it is necessary to measure with the graduated rule, which is less precise.

Use a router

The machine must always be held with both hands. Always secure the workpiece securely. On some models, the guide column is equipped with a spring that automatically returns the cutter inside the base plate when you stop working. Otherwise, be careful about the position of the body because in the event of skidding of the machine, there is a risk of injury. Do not push on the machine; let her work smoothly; it advances effortlessly to the rhythm of milling.
Get in the habit of shutting off the engine and disconnecting it at the end of the drive (or at each work stoppage) to prevent accidental restart.

Accesories and strawberries

The router is usually delivered with a lateral guide for milling parallel to a song. The addition of a guide roller gives the opportunity to work based on a curved song. The tip to center fits on the side guide for milling circular grooves. With the straight guidewe can work on a narrow song by leaning on the facing of the piece. It allows to make grooves (for the tongue and groove connection) or to open notches to embed the branches of the hinges. The circular guide mills round openings, circular grooves, etc.
The routing guide, for dovetail joints, saves a lot of time in the production of drawers and boxes. A wide range of milling cutters can be found for all wood cutting operations. They are made of high speed steel or tungsten carbide. Some manufacturers offer flexible to mill in the hard to reach places. The milling supports support the machine for use in a fixed position.

On the same topic

  • DIY videos
    • Use a power drill
  • DIY tips
    • Use a router

This may interest you

Video Instruction: Router 101: Router basics for absolute, total beginning woodworkers.