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Sand the wood by hand

Sanding is the traditional finishing operation of a wooden work so that its surface has no more irregularities before receiving a dye, a paint, a varnish, a stain or a wax. Power or stationary sanders are suitable for large areas, but there is no substitute for manual sanding for some delicate finishes.

Necessary material

  • Sheets of sandpaper (sandpaper) and pencil
  • Wood and cork sanding wedge
  • Rubber sanding wedge
  • A sanding sponge
  • Sanding wedge with self-gripping sole and an adapted abrasive sheet
  • Sanding wedge for flexible abrasive

Steps

  1. Choice and cutting of sandpaper
  2. Different sanding

Choice and cutting of sandpaper

Choice of grain size

Choice of grain size

1. Choose the size of the grain according to the work to be done. The higher the number, the finer the grain.

Presentation of the wedge on the back of the abrasive paper

Presentation of the wedge on the back of the abrasive paper

2. To cut the sanding paper, lay the shim on its underside and align it on a cleat or ruler.

Folding sandpaper

Folding sandpaper

3.Trace the fold line with a pencil, guiding you to the hold. Remove this one. Fold the paper on the line.

Tear the band corresponding to the hold

Tear the band corresponding to the hold

4. Flip the sheet. Fold the sheet on the line. Mark the fold well with the fingernail. Place the cleat or ruler aligned on the fold. Cut the leaf by tearing the band.

Different sanding

Raising the abrasive tape

Raising the abrasive tape

Sand with a wedge of wood and cork
1. Place the shim on the paper strip. Raise the band on both sides of the shim to hold the paper when sanding.

Sanding with a wedge of wood and cork

Sanding with a wedge of wood and cork

2. Hold the paper taut on the hold to sand flat surfaces. Sand as you go back and forth on the wood.

Laying the rubber wedge on the abrasive

Laying the rubber wedge on the abrasive

Sand with a rubber wedge
1. This rubber wedge is in two parts. Open the hold and lay it on the band.

Stitching of the abrasive on the tips

Stitching of the abrasive on the tips

2. Raise both ends of the band by stitching them onto the retaining pins.

Sanding with a rubber wedge

Sanding with a rubber wedge

3. Close the sanding block. Make the wedge come and go to sand the flat surfaces.

Sanding wedge for self-gripping abrasive sheet

Sanding wedge for self-gripping abrasive sheet

Sanding wedge with self-gripping sole
1. Assemble the abrasive Velcro abrasive sheet to the sanding block. No other mounting is necessary.

Sanding with the hook and loop wedge

Sanding with the hook and loop wedge

2. The abrasive sheet adheres perfectly to the sole of the hold. Make the wedge come and go to sand the flat surfaces.

Selection of an abrasive sponge

Selection of an abrasive sponge

Sand with an abrasive sponge
1. You will find abrasive "sponges" on the market that allow direct sanding as with a sanding block. Select the grain of the abrasive sponge, as for the paper, depending on the work to be done.

Sanding a curved surface with an abrasive sponge

Sanding a curved surface with an abrasive sponge

2. The abrasive sponge makes it possible to sand flat surfaces, but also to conform to curved surfaces, such as this bistro chair backrest.

Sanding with the abrasive belt.

Sanding with the abrasive belt.

Sand with an abrasive belt
Surround the round bar, here a chair foot, with the abrasive band. Make it come and go to strip the paint.

(photos / visuals: © DIY-Prod, except special mention)

Sand the wood by hand: abrasive

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Video Instruction: Sanding by Hand