This small building, signed Emile Bailliu, serves both as a technical room for a pool and a shed for garden equipment. Covered with country tiles, it can also be a providential shelter in case of rain or when the sun is too hot.
REALIZATION: 4 weekends
COST: approx. 458 €
MINI EQUIPMENT: combined with wood, common tools in carpentry
See the plan of this realization (in pdf): Shelter mutifunction: the plan
The frame is essentially made from boards planed to 50 mm thick, and rafters. The pieces were debited in fir studs bought in a sawmill. The two-sided roof is lined with Roman tiles, rounded with round ridge. It goes far enough in space "habitable", partially enclosed on three sides by planks.
The location must take into account several parameters: distances separating it from the pool and the fence, exposure to the sun and the prevailing winds. On the other hand, the shelter must integrate well with the environment and respect any local regulations.
■ As a foundation, the framework simply rests on concrete studs cast in 250 x 250 x 250 mm holes. To prevent rotting of wood, they are raised by about 50 mm by anchoring hardware, sealed, available in DIY stores or made from threaded rods Ø M12.
The structure takes place on concrete pads, anchored by fittings. The section of some parts is obtained by laminating and bolting three boards of identical section.
The stages of construction
Construction begins with the three framing farms. Identical, they consist of two pillars connected by an entrenched overflowing on both sides, in the middle of which stands a punch, stiffened by two cons-cards. While the porticoes, formed by the pillars and entered, are reinforced by two workers.
■ The 150 x 150 mm sections of the pillars, entrants and punches are obtained by laminating and bolting three boards of 50 x 150 mm. Notches are made in the central elements (or furs) for assembling by bunching of the cons-cards and aisseliers, sawn miter at their ends. The layout, which must be precise, is done beforehand by superimposing the pieces on a drawing drawn in full size on a flat floor (concrete slab for example). The punches are further cut to the point of inclination of the roof and slotted at their top for the installation of the ridge tip.
■ The cuts made, the trusses are assembled on the ground by gluing the pieces to the vinylic "outer"and bolting (Ø M8 x 180).They are then erected and, thanks to the fittings fixed to the base of the pillars, positioned in their foundation holes." Calées of level, props temporarily nailed on both sides hold them perfectly plumb, time to connect them by the purlins and pour the concrete pads.
■ The three purlins, 70 x 150 mm in diameter, are bevelled at each end for a purely decorative purpose. The sanders are supported on the links and are fixed by buttresses screwed on the cons-cards. The failure is, in turn, engaged at each end in the notches of the punches, and bolted.
■ Miter saws, the rafters (60 x 80 mm) are screwed on the purlins by arranging them at regular intervals. For a better seat, they can be chamfered to the planer along their length or notched at the location of the rafters. As the bedding, slats (27 x 40 mm) are nailed to the rafters: their number and spacing depend on the flue of the tiles used. Edge boards (24 x 150 mm) are nailed in gables at the ends of the purlins.
■ At this stage of construction, the props are removed and the wood protected by an insecticide and fungicide treatment product. After drying, the roofing is done finishing with the roof tiles, laid with mortar. The cladding boards (24 x 200 mm) are nailed to the pillars, slatted with a regular spacing of 20 mm. It remains only to pass on the woods, inside and outside, two layers of a long-lasting stain, colorless or tinted.