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Maintenance size and pinch of a bonsai

When the bonsai received a form, listed or not, it continues to grow, slowly of course. Its development must then be controlled by a specific size called "maintenance size" which consists of folding the newly pushed leaves to maintain the shape chosen at the beginning. The pinching, usually manual and which occurs on newly hatched ends, is part of the same concern for densification of the branches by thwarting its extension.

Necessary material

  • Scissors with buds
  • Normal scissors
  • Leaf cutter
  • Brush

Maintenance size and pinch of a bonsai: bonsai

1. The maintenance size, if it does not require sturdy tools such as tweezers or wire clamps however requires the use of perfectly sharp tools, whether normal scissors or small leaf cutter.

Maintenance size and pinch of a bonsai: pinch

2. The drawing to the right is an illustration of a classic size (Hôkidachi) with an indication of what should be kept in the tree for the evoked form and what should be removed from it. One must always have in mind the shape one has chosen to give to one's bonsai when performing a maintenance size.

Maintenance size and pinch of a bonsai: size

3. In addition to the maintenance size of a bonsai tree, the pinching (manual or chisel) of the new buds contributes to the slowing of the extension of the extremities, in favor of densification of the foliage. This technique allows branching of the pinched branch and nanification of new leaves. It increases the circulation of the sap by the calls that creates the branch which has undergone it.

Maintenance size and pinch of a bonsai: pinch

4. The beautifully colored maple tree has extremely thin stems and is therefore more easily cut with scissors.

Maintenance size and pinch of a bonsai: size

5. On the other hand, the chisel is more practical for cutting leaves that have a greater thickness.

Maintenance size and pinch of a bonsai: bonsai

6.It is important to clean the floor at the foot of the bonsai after a size, be it training or maintenance. Indeed cutting waste would quickly become a parasitic focus favorable cryptogam, powered by watering.

Maintenance size and pinch of a bonsai: bonsai

7. The shape of this bonsai is still discernible despite the growth of its foliage. The size of maintenance will be to make this form perfectly defined and find the beauty that results.

Maintenance size and pinch of a bonsai: bonsai

8. Scissor work is done to first cut the stems and leaves that clearly exceed the shape.

Maintenance size and pinch of a bonsai: bonsai

9. The second part of the work is done by scissors because it is now a question of refining the size and especially not to create unsightly holes.

Maintenance size and pinch of a bonsai: bonsai

10. The size completed and the floor cleaned, this Chinese elm has found all the serenity that emerges from its simple and regular shape, elegant as a mushroom.

Maintenance size and pinch of a bonsai: bonsai

11. The still tender shoots of spruces are pinched between one-third and two-thirds. By cons, yew, larch or juniper, it is the bud that must be pinched.

Maintenance size and pinch of a bonsai: maintenance

12. For conifers, pinching only occurs once a year, around April. it is done with the nails. Do not use scissors because the tips of the remaining needles will be cut off and yellow a few weeks later.

Maintenance size and pinch of a bonsai: maintenance

13. The drawing on the right shows the pinching places of a Chinese juniper. it must be pinched very short.

Maintenance size and pinch of a bonsai: pinch

14. Contrary to conifers, the juniper pinches throughout its active vegetation period, ie from April to October.

Maintenance size and pinch of a bonsai: maintenance

15. The size of this bonsai, a bamboo, allows to develop in this filiform tree, a network of small leaves that will dress it, without being concealed its slender character.

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