PVC floors are particularly popular because of their resistance to dirt and moisture and their easy maintenance. Nevertheless, following studies carried out for several years, the question arises: are PVC floors dangerous for health?
PVC floors: a health hazard?
PVC (or polyvinyl chloride) consists of two raw materials: salt and oil. Added to this are additives that stabilize, pigment, increase the resistance of the coating, etc.
PVC floors have been suspected for several years to be harmful to health. They are accused of releasing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) into their environment. These chemical compounds are thought to cause allergy and infertility problems. In addition, phthalate, a plasticizer used to soften PVC, would be at high dose very disturbing for the hormonal system.
Studies are underway, but it is currently considered that PVC does not pose any risk to humans, apart from the time of its installation. This must be done by a professional who follows strict safety guidelines.
PVC floors: strict regulations for consumer protection
Strict regulations have been put in place for the protection of consumers. PVC floors now need to emit fewer volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Since January 1, 2010, construction and decoration materials (and therefore PVC) must not emit more than 1 μg / m3 of trichlorethylene, benzene, DEHP and DBP in indoor air.
Labeling is put in place to inform consumers and ensure their safety. Since 2009, all PVC floors must be labeled and their emission of total volatile organic compounds (TVOC) must be clearly indicated. These labels have notes ranging from A + to C. All PVC products sold in France have the A + standard, which guarantees the quality of the flooring.