- What is HQE?
- The 14 targets of the HQE
- How to obtain HQE certification
The HQE association was created in 1996. It brings together building professionals, representatives of local authorities, scientists, environmental protection associations and organizations such as Ademe or CSTB. This association has set up the HQE concept, comprising 14 targets, so that new constructions are done in an environmentally friendly way.
The HQE standard for house construction
What is HQE?
The High Environmental Quality (HQE) concept was created by the HQE Association in 1996. It is a voluntary approach and not a mandatory standard. Its principle is to improve existing building techniques in order to save energy and natural resources. It concerns new buildings, in rehabilitation or renovation.
HQE certification is divided into two parts:
- The operation management system (SMO): tool for defining the appropriate procedures and priority targets for the construction site.
- Building Environmental Quality (QEB): a common language for identifying environmental issues. These issues are grouped together in the 14 HQE targets.
The 14 targets of the HQE
The HQE Association has established 14 targets. Each corresponds to an environmental concern. They are divided into four sub-categories:
To control impacts on the external environment:
Target 1: Harmonious relationship of buildings with the immediate environment
Target 2: Integrated choice of systems, processes and construction products
Target 3: Low nuisance construction site
Target 4: Energy Management
Target 5: Water Management
Target 6: Waste Management
Target 7: Maintenance and Maintenance Management
To create a healthy and comfortable indoor environment:
Target 8: Hygrothermal comfort
Target 9: Acoustic comfort
Target 10: Visual comfort
Target 11: Olfactory comfort
Target 12: Sanitary quality of spaces
Target 13: Sanitary quality of air
Target 14: Sanitary quality of water
How to obtain HQE certification
Following an evaluation, we obtain a profile at three levels:
- High performance (TP)
- Performant (P)
- Base (B)
To obtain HQE certification, the profile must be TP on 3 targets, P on 4 targets and B on the 7 remaining targets.
Since the implementation of the RT 2012, the target 4 must necessarily reach a level P.