The Content Of The Article:

Sowing and growing beans

The mode of cultivation of beans is very close to that of peas. Here again we find dwarf varieties and rowing varieties. The latter, however, remain the most widespread. Unlike peas, which are practically consumed only in fresh beans, beans are eaten either for their flesh or for their grain. So we find very different varieties, which are commonly classified in bean-net, mangetout and shelling.

Steps

  1. Characteristics
  2. Culture steps

Characteristics

Vernacular namee: bean
Latin name: Phaseolus vulgaris
Family : Papilionaceae
Vegetative cycle : annual plant
Multiplication mode: sowing
Seed: 15 g / m2
Lift speed : 1 week
Harvest : • 500 g / m2 (fillets) • 1 kg / m2 (fillet mangetout) • 2 kg / m2 fresh grain • 3 kg / m2 dry grain
Fertilizer: old manure or organic fertilizers, superphosphate, potassium sulphate
Pests, diseases and treatments : • Green aphid, cucumber, citone, thrips: specialized insecticides • Anthracnose, rust, pea mildew: Bordeaux mixture • Oidium: fungicide • Bean fat: plant picking

Culture steps

As for peas, the sowing of dwarf varieties is done in a deep furrow of 5 cm; we space the seeds about 3 cm.

As for peas, the sowing of dwarf varieties is done in a deep furrow of 5 cm; we space the seeds about 3 cm.

seedling
The technique of sowing beans is comparable to that of peas. Dwarf breeds are sown in rows 50 cm apart, in a 4 to 5 cm deep furrow, with seeds spaced 3 cm apart; row varieties are sown in seedlings. It is essential, for the seedlings to succeed, that the outside temperature is constantly higher than 100. It is therefore difficult, north of the Loire, to sow in place before May 10th. From this date we proceed to sowings of fifteen days in fifteen days to stagger the production.

The sowing of varieties with oars is done in poquet. Here, filling and filling with the tip of the foot.

The sowing of varieties with oars is done in poquet. Here, filling and filling with the tip of the foot.

To hasten crops and bring crops closer, it is possible to sow as early as April 15 under a tunnel with good exposure. Common seeding deadlines are June 15 for dry beans, July 15 for fresh beans, and August 15 for beans with fillets.

Again, it is essential to proceed to ridging as soon as the plants are well formed (10 cm).

Again, it is essential to proceed to ridging as soon as the plants are well formed (10 cm).

Culture
The cultivation technique is very similar to that of peas, the plants to be abutted as soon as they reach 10 to 15 cm, and rowed according to the variety (reams of 2 to 3 m high). Hoeing and weeding will have to succeed one another, watering occurring only in dry weather. Water is poured by running the water between the mounds without ever wetting the foliage.

To hasten the crops, it is possible to sow from April 15, with good exposure, protecting the feet, from the lifting, under tunnel.

To hasten the crops, it is possible to sow from April 15, with good exposure, protecting the feet, from the lifting, under tunnel.

Harvest
Harvesting usually takes place in August and September, with late sowing likely to occur until the end of October, especially in the event of a good late season. It must be done regularly every two or three days, which favors production.
The beans intended to be consumed dry are pulled off by whole feet that one enters and that one hangs to let them dry.

Rack bean varieties must be supported by large stakes such as plastic rods.

Rack bean varieties must be supported by large stakes such as plastic rods.

If there are dwarf varieties of beans that produce without the aid of supports, the varieties of row beans need to be supported by large stakes such as those plastic rods that tend to replace the oars, from the country hedges.

Rowing beans are much more climbing than pea varieties of the same type. So you have to row very early.

Rowing beans are much more climbing than pea varieties of the same type. So you have to row very early.

The varieties of row beans are much more climbing than pea varieties of the same type. So be sure to row them much earlier.

On the contrary, so-called beans

On the contrary, so-called beans

If green beans are to be harvested when they are not yet too fleshy so that they have only a few yarns, the so-called "grain beans" must be ripened before being picked and then kept dry. before consumption.

This may interest you


Video Instruction: Growing Beans from Sowing to Harvest